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初中英语复习专辑(3)代词讲解练习答案

博客 | 2009-05-04
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  (一)指示代词:this , that , these , those. this , that一般与可数名词的单数连用,而不与不可数名词连用(但that可单独指代不可数名词)。

  that apple (  √  )  that meat (  ×  )

  The weather in Sichuan is not so hot as ______ in Guangzhou.                    [that]

  (二)人称代词、物主代词和反身代词

    1)人称代词:主格、宾格(作主语为主格, 作宾语为宾格; 介+宾格)

  eg.   1)I thank you

        2)You thank me.

  2)物主代词:形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。

  一变(my—mine); 二留(his—his  its—its)

  三加s(your—yours ; our—ours ; her—hers ; their—theirs)

  用法:有名不名,无名是名

  eg. This is _____(我的)book. This book is ______(我的).      [ my ; mine]

  3)反身代词:某某自己;亲自

  单数

   复数

  

  yourself

   yourselves

  

  myself

   ourselves

  

  himself

   themselves

  

  herself

  

  itself

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

    反身代词的常见搭配:

    1.enjoy oneself 玩得高兴;过得愉快

    2.hurt oneself 伤着自己

    3.teach oneself = learn… by oneself 自学

    4.(all) by oneself (完全)独立地

    5.help oneself to   请自便;随便吃…

    6.look after oneself  自理;照顾自己

    7.leave one by oneself 把…单独留下

    8.lose oneself in 陶醉于…;沉浸于…

    

    (三)不定代词

     1)some与any

    一般情况下,some用于肯定句,any用于否定句、疑问句(但表邀请、建议的问句中可用some—此类句型常以could , would开头)

     2)  many + 可数     = a lot of : 许多

    much + 不可数

     (但a lot of不能用于否定句)

     3) few , a few ; little , a little

    

     表否定 表肯定

    

    可数

     few(几乎没有)

     a few(几个;一些)

    

    不可数

     little(几乎没有)

     a little(一点儿少许)

    

    ①.The story is easy to read. There are ____new words in it.                [few]

    ②.Hurry up!  There is_____ time left. [little]

    4)  everyone / anyone 不加of

      no one 不加 of

    none of

    (  )____ of us wants to read the book.  [B]

    A. Everyone         B. Every one

    C. Nobody          D. No one

    5)other ,another , others

    

     单数复数

     泛指 another三者以上的另一个

     定语   主语、宾语

    

    other   some…others

    

    特指  one…the other

    一个…另一个 the others =the other+复名(另外的人或物)

    

    ①.We study _____ subjects besides Chinese.

    ②.May I have ___________ apple ?

    ③.These cups are clean. ________ are dirty.

    ④.I have two pens. One is red , ________ is blue.   [ other ; another ; others ; the others]

    另外注意:one another   (三者以上的)相互

              each other   (两者的)相互

    We should learn from each other(说明we指两个人)

    They help one another (说明they指三个人以上)

     6) 二者与三者

    

     复数   单数   单数

    

    二者both(都)neither(都不)either(任何一个)

    

    三者all(都)none(都不)any(任何一个)

    

    注意:

    ① .both 否定 neither   all 否定 none

    ②.both , all 不但作主语为复数,且被修饰的词也为复数;neither , none作主语为单数,但none of + 复名,neither of + 复名

    (  )1.____ of my parents is a teacher.   [B]

    A. None   B. Neither  C. Both  D. All

    (  )2.There are many trees on ____ side of the river.                             [C]

    A. both  B. any   C. either  D. all

    every one / any one of

    

    7)   each: (二者以上的)每个——作主、宾、定)

    every: (三者以上的)每个——只作定语)

    ①.____ student in the class likes English.

    ②.___ of the students studied hard.

                           [Every ; Each]

    练     习

    (  )1.____office is much smaller than ____.

    A. Ours ; yours B. Our ; yoursC. Theirs ; our

    (  )2. “Help___ to some meat.”my uncle said to me .

    A. themselves  B. yourself  C. yourselves

    (  )3. There are twenty teachers in our school. Eight of them are men teachers and ____ are women teachers.

    A. others      B. the others     C. another

    (  )4.There isn’t ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get ____ for me ?

    A. any ; some  B. any ; any  C. some ; any

    (  )5.There are many trees on ___ sides of the street.

    A. both       B. all        C. each

    (  )6.___ of them has a dictionary and ____ one of them can look up words in it.

    A. Each ; every B. Every; each C. Every; every

    (  )7. “When shall we meet, this afternoon or tonight?”

    “I don’t mind. ____ time is OK.

    A. Either      B. Every      C. Neither

    (  )8.Would you like ___ cup of tea?

    A. other       B. the other    C. another

    (  )9.The two friends were so pleased to see each other that they forgot _____.

    A. other everything     B. anything else

    C. everything else.

    (  )10.____ of his parents is a teacher.

    A. Both       B. Neither      C. None

    (  )11.The river is very dirty. ____ people go to swim in it.

    A. Few       B. A few       C. Little

    (  )12.A friend of ____ came to see ____ yesterday.

    A. his ; his     B. he ; him      C. his ; him

    (  )13.You can’t leave your baby by ___ at home.

    A. herself      B. himself       C. itself

    (  )14. My father is very busy with his work. He has ___ time to have a rest.

    A. little        B. a little        C. few

    (  )15.I have three skirts. One is red. ___ two are black.

    A. another     B. the other    C. the others

    (  )16.Jack has ___ friends here. So he often feels lonely.

    A. a little      B. a few       C. few

    (  )17.Who teaches ___ French?

    A. we      B. our     C. us

    (  )18.The boys were all tired, but ___ of them stopped to have a rest.

    A. any      B. some   C. none

    (  )19.Sorry, I can’t answer your question. I know ____ about the news.

    A. a little    B. little    C. few

    (  )20.—Hello, Bill! Help ____ to a cake .

    —Thanks .

    A. your      B. yourself  C. yourselves

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