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2010年乐加乐英语北京高考模拟试题

本站原创 | 2010-01-05
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  (考试时间 60分钟  满分85分)                 学校         姓名

  请把答案填写在试卷末页的答题卡上!

  第一节:语法单选题(共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  1. Paper money was in _________ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in _________ thirteenth century.

  A. the, 不填        B. the, the       C. 不填, the       D. 不填, 不填

  2. - Which of the three ways shall I take to the village?

  - _________ way as you please.

  A. Each     B. Every    C. Any    D. Either

  3. - I don't mind telling you what I know.

  - You _________. I'm not asking you for it.

  A. mustn't             B. may not           C. can't      D. needn't

  4. Sales of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s, when people _________ to enjoy the advantages of this new technology.

  A. begin             B. began            C. have begun      D. had begun

  5. The worker hunted for jobs in New York for months, _________ he could not find any work.

  A. and      B. yet     C. or     D. and but

  6. _________ I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the person.

  A. While              B. Since            C. Before       D. Unless

  7. The news reporters hurried to the airport ,only _________ the film stars had left.

  A. to tell     B. to be told   C. telling    D. told

  8. Scientists say it may be five or six years _________ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients.

  A. since     B. after    C. before   D. when

  9. I don't know _________ the day after tomorrow.

  A. when does he come            B. how will he come

  C. if he comes              D. whether he'll come

  10. Is this the factory _________ he worked ten years ago?

  A. that      B. where    C. which    D. the one

  11. The old man, _________ abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland.

  A. to work       B. working      C. to have worked    D. having worked

  12. It is said that Renmin Hospital _________ in 2012.

  A. rebuilt     B. will rebuild   C. will be rebuilt  D. would be rebuilt

  13. Jane _________ 2,000 English words by the time he was seven.

  A. learnt    B. learned   C. had learned  D. has learned

  14. Mr. Smith, _________ of the _________ speech, started to read a novel.

  A. tired; boring    B. tiring; bored   C. tired; bored   D. tiring; boring

  15. _________ production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year.

  A. As             B. For               C. With            D. Through
 

  第二节:完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,共30分)

Best Service

  Not too long ago ,an incident that happened at Walt Disney touched me greatly. A guest    ___1     out of our Polynesian Village resort (度假胜地) at Walt Disney was asked how she    ___2     her visit .She told the front-desk clerk she had had a (n)    ___3     vacation, but was heartbroken about    ___4     several rolls of Kodak color film she had not yet   ___ 5     .At that moment she was particularly     ___6    over the loss of the pictures she had shot at our Polynesian Luau,     ___7    this was a memory she especially treasured.

  Now, please understand that we have no written service rules    ___8    lost photos in the park. ___9    , the clerk at the front desk    ___10     Disney's idea of caring for our    ___11     .She asked the woman to leave her a couple rolls of    ___12     film ,promising she would take care of the rest of our show at Polynesian Luau.

  Two weeks later the guest received a    ___ 13    at her home .In it were photos of all the actors of our show,    ___14     signed by each performer. There were also     ___15    of the public procession (游行队伍) and fireworks in the park, taken by the front-desk clerk in her own    ___16     after work. I happened to know this    ___17     because this guest wrote us a letter .She said that    ___18     in her life had she received such good service from any business.

  Excellent    ___19     does not come from policy (政策性的) handbooks .It comes from people who ___20     - and from a culture that encourages and models that attitude.

  1.A.working      B.checking      C.trying      D.staying

  2.A.expected      B.realized      C.paid      D.enjoyed

  3.A.disappointing      B.wonderful      C.uncomfortable      D.important

  4.A.taking      B.dropping      C.losing      D.breaking

  5.A.developed      B.taken      C.washed      D.loaded

  6.A.silly      B.nervous      C.calm      D.sad

  7.A.when      B.where      C.as      D.which

  8.A.covering      B.finding      C.making      D.keeping

  9.A.Excitedly      B.Fortunately      C.Therefore      D.Quietly

  10.A.understood      B.reminded      C.trusted      D.discovered

  11.A.workers      B.guests      C.managers      D.clerks

  12.A.printed      B.shot      C.unused      D.recorded

  13.A.film      B.card      C.camera      D.packet

  14.A.frequently      B.personally      C.alone      D.actually

  15.A.rules      B.pictures      C.handbooks      D.performances

  16.A.case      B.work      C.time      D.position

  17.A.story      B.place      C.photo      D.show

  18.A.only      B.almost      C.never      D.nearly

  19.A.advice      B.experience      C.quality      D.service

  20.A.care     B.serve        C.like      D.know
 

  第三节:阅读理解(共20题,每小题2分,共40分)

  A

  He was the baby with no name. Found and taken from the north Atlantic 6 days after the sinking of the Titanic in 1912, his tiny body so moved the salvage (救援) workers that they called him "our baby." In their home port of Halifax, Nova Scotia, people collected money for a headstone in front of the baby's grave (墓), carved with the words: "To the memory of an unknown child." He has rested there ever since.

  But history has a way of uncovering its secrets. On Nov. 5, this year, three members of a family from Finland arrived at Halifax and laid fresh flowers at the grave. "This is our baby," says Magda Schleifer, 68, a banker. She grew up hearing stories about a great-aunt named Maria Panula, 42, who had sailed on the Titanic for America to be reunited with her husband. According to the information Mrs. Schleifer had gathered, Panula gave up her seat on a lifeboat to search for her five children, including a 13-month-old boy named Eino from whom she had become separated during the final minutes of the crossing. "We thought they were all lost in the sea," says Schleifer.

  Now, using teeth and bone pieces taken from the baby's grave, scientists have compared the DNA from the Unknown Child with those collected from members of five families who lost relatives on the Titanic and never recovered the bodies. The result of the test points only to one possible person: young Eino. Now, the family sees: no need for a new grave. "He belongs to the people of Halifax," says Schleifer. "They've taken care of him for 90 years."

  Adapted from People, November 25, 2002

  1. The baby travelled on the Titanic with his           .

  A. mother            B. parents      C. aunt       D. relatives

  2. What is probably the boy's last name?           .

  A. Schleiferi         B. Eino.         C. Magda.    D. Panula.

  3. Some members of the family went to Halifax and put flowers at the child's grave on Nov. 5           .

  A. 1912             B. 1954        C. 2002      D. 2004

  4. This text is mainly about how           .

  A. the unknown baby's body was taken from the north Atlantic

  B. the unknown baby was buried in Halifax, Nova Scotia

  C. people found out who the unknown baby was

  D. people took care of the unknown baby for 90 years

  B

  Use your American Express Card to enjoy one-day privileges at four of America's greatest museums. Note the participating museums, and their exciting special exhibitions that you will not want to miss, listed below.

  New York

  The Noguchi Museum

  Noguchi and Graham

  December 1, 2004 - May 1, 2005

  Noguchi's long-term collaboration with dancer Martha Graham is regarded by many as a high point in the history of both modern dance and art. The exhibition highlights nine of the sets created through this collaboration.

  For more information: www.noguchi.org

  Boston

  Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum

  Chairs

  February 11 - May 8, 2005

  Italian furniture expert Fausto Calderai and Indian photographer Dayanita Singh present an exhibition of chairs from the museum's collection and "chair photographs" from around the world presented in a Veretian-style hall housing world-famous masterpieces.

  For more information: www. Gardnermuseum.org

  Philadelphia

  Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

  In Full View: American Painting (1720-2005)

  January 11 - April 10, 2005

  Founded in 1805, the Pennsylvania Academy has been home to America's artists for 200 years. The Academy collects and exhibits the works of famous American artists, and is well-known for training fine artists. 2005 at the Academy begins with the largest exhibition of the Academy's distinguished American collection in the institution's history.

  For more information: www.pafa.org

  Seattle

  Seattle Museum of Glass

  Murano: Glass from the Olnick Spanu Collection

  Through November 7, 2004

  This exhibition includes over 200 pieces of beautiful glass from Murano, the island of glassblowers near Venice, Italy. Watch live glass-blowing shows in the Hot Shop and see other modern glass exhibitions.

  For more information: www.museumofglass.org

  5. Which of the following websites offers information about the furniture show?

  A. www.pafa.org

  B. www.museumofglass.org

  C. www.noguchi.org

  D. www.gardnermuseum.org

  6. All the sentences below are true but      .

  A. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts has been in Philadelphia for 200 years.

  B. More than 200 pieces of beautiful glass from Italy will be exhibited in Seattle.

  C. Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum will hold a funiture exhibition during February 11 - May 8, 2005.

  D. Martha Graham is really a great dancer but not a good partner.

  7. If you want to know the history of American painting, you may visit      .

  A. The Noguchi Museum

  B. Seattle Museum of Glass

  C. Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum

  D. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

  C

  We are all interested in equality, but while some people try to protect the school and examination system in the name of equality, other, still in the name of equality, want only to destroy it.

  Any society which is interested in equality of opportunity and standards of achievement must regularly test its pupils. The standards may be changed - no examination is perfect - but to have external tests or examinations would mean the end of equality and of standards. There are groups of people who oppose this view and who do not believe either in examinations or in any controls in school or on teachers. This would mean that everything would depend on luck since every pupil would depend on the efficiency, the values and the purpose of each teacher.

  Without external examinations, employers will look for employees from the highly respected schools and from families known to them - a form of favouritism will replace equality. At the moment, the bright child from an ill-respected school can show certificates to prove he or she is suitable for a job, while the lack of certificate indicates the unsuitability of a dull child attending a well-respected school. This defendence of excellence and opportunity would disappear if examinations were taken away, and the bright child from a poor family would be a prisoner of his or her school's reputation, unable to compete for employment with the child from the favoured school.

  The opponents of the examination system suggest that examinations are an evil force because they show differences between pupils. According to these people, there must be no special, different, academic class. They have even suggested that there should be no form of difference in sport or any other area: all jobs or posts should be filled by unsystematic selection. The selection would be made by people who themselves are probably selected by some computer.

  These people are not just against school organisation, but are at war with the whole idea of modem competitive society and they are using children in schools for their destructive(破坏性的)purposes. There is no reason why we should allow such people to determine the way our schools are organised when it is to the obvious disadvantage of the pupils, of the schools and of our society as a whole.

  8. The word "favouritism" in paragraph 3 is used to describe the phenomenon that ________.

  A. bright children also need certificates to get satisfying jobs.

  B. children from well-respected schools tend to have good jobs.

  C. poor children with certificates are favoured in job markets.

  D. children attending ordinary schools achieve great success.

  9. What would happen if examinations were taken away according to the author?

  A. Schools for bright children would lose their reputation.

  B. There would be more opportunities and excellence.

  C. Children from poor families would be able to change their schools.

  D. Children's job opportunity would be affected by their school reputation.

  10. Which of the following sentences is TRUE?

  A. Most students from poor families can't get a good job.

  B. Some people are using students to destroy our society.

  C. The writer thinks it a good way to choose a job by computer.

  D. The opponents of the examination want to reorganize schools.

  11. The opponents would agree that _________.

  A. computers should be selected to take over many jobs

  B. particular people should not be chosen for particular jobs

  C. well-respected schools should be got rid of as soon as possible

  D. the students are not equally treated if they take external examinations

  D

  Being considered a leader in our society is indeed of high praise. Leadership means power, commands respect and, most important, encourages achievement. Unlike vitamin C, leadership skills can't be easily swallowed down. They must be carefully cultivated.

  Different from popular belief, most good leaders are made, not born. They learn their skills in their everyday lives. But which do they develop? How do they (and how can you) get others to follow?

  Always give credit. Many leaders note that the most efficient way to get a good performance from others is to treat them like heroes. Giving public credit to someone who has earned it is the best leadership technique in the world. It is also an act of generosity (慷慨) that's never forgotten.

  Giving credit is more effective than even the most constructive criticism (批评) , which often hurts rather than helps. Kenneth Blanchard, the author of The One-Minute Manager, agrees. "Catch people doing something right!" he says, "Then tell everyone about it."

  Take informed risks. "The best leaders know that taking a risk is not a thoughtless exercise," says management adviser Marilyn Machlowitz, "Sky divers don't go up in an airplane without checking the parachutes (降落伞) beforehand."

  Because the idea of risk also carries with it the possibility of failure, many of us usually wait for others to take charge. But if you want to be a leader, you must learn to fail, and not die a thousand deaths. Pick yourself up and start all over again.

  Encourage enthusiasm (热情). "When people understand the importance of work, they lend their mental strengths," says Lee Ducat. But when they get excited about the work, all their energy gets poured into the job. That's a great force! Is this the best way to create excitement? Be enthusiastic yourself. You will be followed by everyone.

  12. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? _______.

  A. Leadership Is of Skills and Techniques

  B. Leadership Is Very Important

  C. Not Many Can Be Leaders

  D. How to Be a Leader

  13. The part "Always give credit" tells us that a leader should _______.

  A. give helpful criticism

  B. regard others as real heroes

  C. praise people for their good performances

  D. praise everyone

  14. To be a good leader, you should _______.

  A. not be afraid of any risks

  B. think twice before taking risks

  C. try to avoid any possible failures

  D. know what a thoughtless exercise is

  15. Which of the following best shows the structure of the passage?  _______.

  E

  Before going outside in the morning, many of us check a window thermometer (温度计) for the temperature. This helps us decide what to wear. ___(16). We want our food to be a certain coldness in the refrigerator. We want it a certain hotness in the oven. If we don't feel well, we use a thermometer to see if we have a fever. We keep our rooms a certain warmth in the winter and a certain coolness in the summer.

  Not all the thermometers use the same system to measure temperature. We use a system called the Fahrenheit scale. But most other countries use the Centigrade scale. Both systems use the freezing and boiling points of water as their guide.__ (17) .

  The most common kind of thermometer is made with mercury (水银) inside a clear glass tube. As mercury (or any other liquid ) becomes hot, it expands. As it gets colder, it contracts (收缩). That is why on hot days the mercury line is high in the glass tube.__ (18).

  First. Take a clear glass juice bottle that has a cap; fill the bottle with coloured water. Tap a hole in the center of the cap using a hammer and thick nail. Put the cap on the jar. Then stick a plastic straw (吸管) through the nail hole.

  __(19).

  Finally. Place a white card on the outside of the bottle and behind the straw. Now you can see the water lever easily.

  __(20).

  As the temperature goes down, the water will contract, and the lever in the straw will come down. Perhaps you will want to keep a record of the water lever in the straw each morning for a week.

  A. We use and depend on thermometers to measure the temperature of many other things

  in our daily lives.

  B. Thermometers measure temperature, by using materials that change in the same way

  when they are heated or cooled.

  C. Now that you know this rule you can make a thermometer of your own that will work.

  D. The water will rise in the straw. As the temperature of the air goes up, the water will expand and rise even higher.

  E. They label these in different ways. On the Fahrenheit scale water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees. On the Celsius scale water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees.

  F. Take wax (you may use an old candle if you have one) and melt some of it right where the

  straw is struck into the cap to seal (把…粘住) them together.

  G. People use thermometers which are made by themselves when travelling around the world.

 2010年北京高考模拟试题答案解析

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