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14天攻克初二期末英语——冲刺期末训练(第十二日)

乐加乐英语 | 2013-06-25
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  一、翻译句子

  1. 今天我们的作业很多,你最好先做作业。

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  2. 你能告诉我如何使用这本字典吗?

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  3. 电影《手机》太有趣了,我一连看了三遍。

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  4. 我觉得Jack明天不会和我们去郊游,他近来太忙了。

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  5. 我既不喜欢牛肉也不喜欢猪肉,但我非常喜欢吃鱼。

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  6. 她早上两点钟才关上电视机。

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  7. 妈妈刚一进屋,Jack就关上了计算机,拿起一本书。

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  8. 你最好带上雨伞,外面正下大雨呢。

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  9. 她遇到了很大的麻烦,让我们帮助她吧。

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  10.你一到上海就给我打个电话好吗?

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  二、阅读理解满分训练

  The Mayan(玛雅的)Indians lived in Mexico for thousands of years before the Spanish arrived in the 1500s. The Mayan achievements were many. They had farms, beautiful palaces, and cities with many buildings. The Mayan people knew a lot about nature and the world around them. This knowledge helped them to live a better life than most people of that time, because they could use it to make their lives more comfortable and rewarding(值得的). Knowledge about tools and farming, for example, made their work easier and more productive.

  The Maya believed in many gods, including rain gods, sun gods, and corn gods. The people built large temples to honor the Mayan gods. Skillful workers built cities around these temples. It was difficult for them to build these cities, because they had no horses to carry the heavy stone they used to build with. Workers had to carry all of the building materials themselves. Today, many of these ancient Mayan cities and temples are still standing.

  Although the cities that the Maya built were beautiful, and the people worked hard to build them, very few of the people lived in them. Usually, only the priests(牧师)lived in the cities.

  The other people lived in small villages in the forests. Their houses were much simpler than the elaborate buildings in the cities. They lived in small huts(小屋)with no windows. The walls were made of poles covered with dried mud, and the roof was made of grass or leaves. Most Maya lived a simple life close to nature.

  The Mayan priests studied the Sun, the Moon, stars, and planets. They made a calendar from what they learned. The year was divided into 18 months of 20 days each with five days left over. The Mayan calendar was far more exact than the European calendars of the time.

  Around the year 800, the Maya left their villages and beautiful cities, never to return. No one knows why this happened. They may have died from some disease. They may have left because the soil could no longer grow crops. Archaeologists(考古学家)are still trying to find the lost secrets of the Maya.

  1.What does the underlined word “elaborate’’ mean?

  A. easily built

  B. carefully made

  C. slowly fixed

  D. quickly designed

  2.From the passage we can infer(推理)that .

  A. most Maya lived in beautiful cities

  B. many Mayan cities and temples are still standing

  C. the Maya were intelligent and culturally rich people

  D. the Mayan calendar was the same as European calendars

  3.Why it is said that the Mayan people lived a better life than most people of that time?

  A. They had better building skills and housing conditions

  B. They believed in many gods, and honored the Mayan gods

  C. They had knowledge about tools and faming

  D. They studied about nature and the world around them

  4. What can be the best title for this article?

  A. Mayan Gods

  B. Mayan Buildings

  C. Productive Maya

  D. Mysterious Maya

 

  三、阅读与表达专项训练

  What’s the most important thing you’ve ever done in your life? For me, it was the occasion (a time when something happens), a few weeks ago, when I was able to save someone’s life by being in the right place at the right time. I was at the public swimming pool, and I was going to get dressed and go home. Because it was a cool, cloudy afternoon and beginning to get quite late, the pool was almost empty. The life guard was nowhere to be seen, and the only other swimmer was an eight-year-old girl. As I got out of the pool and began to dry myself, the girl dived into the water again. After thirty seconds or more she still didn’t come to the surface, so I began to worry. I ran to the deep end of the pool, where I saw her struggling (挣扎) wildly underwater. I dived in to help her, and found that her long dark hair was caught in the drain (排水管)at the bottom of the pool. I tried to help her get free, but failed —and, of course, she was dying from being under water for too long.

  I swam to the surface and shouted for help, but there was no one there. Then I noticed an empty Coke bottle on a table near the pool. So I climbed out, smashed (to break) the bottle and dived back into the water with a piece of the broken glass. Using the sharp edges of the glass, I was able to cut through the girl’s hair and set her free. I managed to get her to the surface. She coughed out lots of water before she finally began to breathe normally again. Then the life guard arrived on the scene and checked that the girl was all right and called her parents. When they heard what had happened, they kept thanking me for saving their daughter’s life. I was relieved (松了一口气) that she was OK, and I felt very proud of myself. After all, wouldn’t you have felt the same if you’d been in my place?

  1.Were there many people at the public swimming pool at that time?

  2. What happened to the girl?

  3. Was the phone call to the girl’s parents made by the life guard or the writer?

  4.How did the writer save the girl? 5.What does the writer think of “saving the girl”?

 

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