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历年高考英语代词题型

英语网 | 2014-03-25
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  代词的辨析(重点掌握四组比较)

 

      一、替代词that(those),one(ones)和it的区别

  1.(2013·四川高考)The traffic on the main streets has a longer green signal than ________ on the small ones.

  A.one         B.this

  C.that  D.it

  解析:选C 考查代词。句意:大街上的绿灯比小街上的绿灯亮得时间更长。that在此处替代前面提到的traffic,以避免重复。one泛指可数名词单数;this通常指代下文要提到的事情;it指代上文出现的同一事物。

  2.(2013·天津高考)At our factory there are a few machines similar to ________ described in this magazine.

  A.them  B.these

  C.those  D.ones

  解析:选C 考查代词。句意:我们工厂里的一些机器与这本杂志里描述的那些机器很相似。空格处应用those表特指,替代前面出现的复数可数名词machines。注意题干中machines后有限制语described in this magazine,故不能用表泛指的ones,若选ones,则应在其前加上the。

  3.(2012·辽宁高考)If you're buying today's paper from the stand, could you get ________ for me?

  A.one                          B.such

  C.this  D.that

  解析:选A 考查代词。句意:如果你去报摊上买今天的报纸,给我捎回一份好吗?one用来代替上文提到过的paper,相当于a copy of paper。

  4.(2011·北京高考)The employment rate has continued to rise in big cities thanks to the efforts of the local governments to increase________.

  A.them  B.those

  C.it  D.that解析:选C 考查代词。根据句意“由于地方政府的努力,大城市的就业率在上升” 可知应用it 指代the employment rate。

  it特指前面提到过的同一个人或者物that

  (those)可以指代前面出现过的不可数名词或单数可数名词,指代单数可数名词相当于the one。其复数形式为those,相当于the onesone

  (ones)指代前面出现过的那类事物中的“一个”,其复数形式为ones①To her joy, Della earned first the trust of her students and then that of her colleagues.(2013·辽宁高考)

  令黛拉高兴的是,她首先赢得了她的学生的信任,然后又赢得了同事的信任。

  ②Studying Wendy's menu, I found that many of the items are similar to those of McDonald's.(2012·浙江高考)

  研究了温迪的菜单,我发现其中很多东西和麦当劳的相似。

  ③We have various summer camps for your holidays, you can choose one based on your own interests.(2011·福建高考)

  我们为你们的假期准备了各种各样的夏令营,你们可以根据自己的兴趣选择一个。④I like this house with a beautiful garden in front, but I don't have enough money to buy it.(2009·四川高考)

  我喜欢这座前面有漂亮花园的房子,但是没有足够的钱来买它。

  二、不定代词all, both, either, any, neither, none的区别

  1.(2013·新课标全国卷Ⅱ)It's an either-or situation -we can buy a new car this year or we can go on holiday but we can't do ________.

  A.others  B.either

  C.another  D.both

  解析:选D 考查代词。句意:这是一种二选一的情况,我们今年要么买一辆新车,要么去度假,但两者不可兼得。空格处表示部分否定,应用not ... both,故选D。

  2.(2013·山东高考)I've lived in New York and Chicago, but don't like ________ of them very much.

  A.either  B.any

  C.each  D.another

  解析:选A 考查不定代词。句意:我在纽约和芝加哥住过,但是我不喜欢它们中的任何一个。题干中提到 “芝加哥”和“纽约”两个城市,根据转折词but可知,后面的意思应为“两个都不喜欢”,所以选A。any“任一”,each“每个”,another“另一”,都不符合语境。

  3.(2013·陕西高考)Although Rosemary had suffered from a serious illness for years, she lost ________ of her enthusiasm for life.

  A.some  B.neither

  C.none  D.all

  解析:选C 考查代词。句意:虽然罗斯玛丽多年身患重病,但是她没有失去对生活的热情。根据句意可知,此处表示“一点儿也不,一点儿也没有”,所以应用none。

  都任何一个都不(全部否定)部分否定两者botheitherneither = not eitherboth和not连用三者或

  三者以上allanynone = not anyall和not连用Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but neither of them wants to, because they have work to do.(2012·全国卷Ⅰ) 拉里让比尔和皮特跟他一起去野餐,但他们两个都不想去,因为他们都有工作要做。

  ②My brother would like to buy a good watch but none was available from that shop.(2012·江西高考)

  我哥哥想买一块好表,但是在那家店里没有一块合适的。

  ③All that's important is that you are doing your best and moving in the right direction.(2010·浙江高考)

  重要的是你正在尽最大努力并且朝正确的方向前进。

  ④Jane was asked a lot of questions, but she didn't answer any of them. (2009·陕西高考)

  简被问及了很多问题,但她一个都没答出来。

  三、不定代词the other, other, another, others的区别

  (2013·重庆高考)Recycling is one way to protect the environment; reusing is ________.

  A.anotherB.the other

  C.one another  D.one

  解析:选A 考查代词。句意:回收是保护环境的一种方法;而重复使用是另一种。another表示“(三者及三者以上的)另一个”;the other表示“(两者中的)另一个”;one another“相互”;one“一”。

  the otherthe other可单独使用,特指两个人或物中的“另一个”;也可修饰名词表示“另外的……”otherother不能单独使用,只能修饰名词,表示泛指意义another可单独使用,也可修饰名词,泛指三者或三者以上的人或物中的“另一个”,代替或修饰单数可数名词。另外another后可接“基数词/few+复数名词”形式,表示“另外的……(多少)”others单独使用,表示泛指意义,意为“其他的人或事物”,常与some一起出现;特指“其他的全部人或事物”时用the others①To stay awake, he finished a cup of coffee and ordered another.(2011·上海高考)

  为了保持清醒,他喝完了一杯咖啡,然后又点了一杯。

  ②You are the team star! Working with others is really your cup of tea.(2010·安徽高考)

  你是队里的明星!与别人一起工作确实是你的特长。

  ③Neither side is prepared to talk to the other unless we can smooth things over between them.(2010·全国卷Ⅱ)

  除非我们能够消除他们之间的矛盾,否则他们双方都不打算与对方讲话。

  四、复合不定代词的区别

  1.(2013·江西高考)________ can be good at something for 40 years if he doesn't love it.

  A.Anybody  B.Everybody

  C.Nobody  D.Somebody

  解析:选C 考查不定代词。句意:没有人能持续四十年把某件事做得很好,除非他热爱它。根据句意可知,空处应用nobody。2.(2013·安徽高考)This project requires close teamwork. ________ will be achieved unless we work well together.

  A.Nothing   B.Anything

  C.Something   D.Everything

  解析:选A 考查不定代词。句意:这个项目需要密切的合作,除非我们通力合作,否则将一事无成。根据句意可知此处应用表示否定意义的词语,故选A。

  某任何每个,所有没有人someone/somebodyanyone/anybodyeveryone/everybodyno one/nobody物somethingAnythingeverythingnothing[点津] 注意something的特殊含义:大致,……左右;有价值或重要的人或事物;anything but“根本不”。

  ①-What do you think of the lecture?

  -Anything but interesting but I've managed to survive it.(2013·厦门三校高三联考)

  --你认为讲座怎么样?

  --一点意思都没有,但是我还是坚持着听完了。

  ②There is something in his words.We should have a try. (2011·四川高考)

  他的话有些道理,我们应该试一试。

  ③ I got this bicycle for nothing: My friend gave it to me when she bought a new one.(2011·全国卷Ⅱ)

  这辆自行车我没花钱,我朋友买了新的,就把这辆车送给我了。

  it的用法

  1.(2012·全国卷Ⅱ)Sarah made ________ to the airport just in time to catch her plane this morning.

  A.herself  B.this

  C.that  D.it

  解析:选D 考查代词用法。句意:Sarah赶到了机场,正好及时赶上了今天早上的飞机。此处make it to表示“及时到达,赶上”,是固定搭配。 2.(2012·陕西高考)No matter where he is, he makes ________ a rule to go for a walk before breakfast.

  A.him  B.this

  C.that  D.it

  解析:选D 考查代词。句意:不管他在哪里,早饭前出去散步是他的一贯做法。make sth. a rule“把……作为常例/定为常规”,句中it是形式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的不定式短语to go for a walk before breakfast。

  3.(2011·江西高考)Why don't you bring ______to his attention that you're too ill to work on?

  A.that  B.it

  C.this  D.him

  解析:选B 考查代词。句意:你为何不让他注意到你病得无法继续工作的事实?此处是it的特殊用法,其本身无实义。 4.(2010·全国卷Ⅱ)The doctor thought ________ would be good for you to have a holiday.

  A.this  B.that

  C.one  D.it

  解析:选D 考查代词用法。在thought后的宾语从句中,it是形式主语,真正的主语是“to have a holiday”。

  1.it用作形式主语或形式宾语,替代后面的不定式、动词-ing形式或从句。

  ① New technologies have made it possible to turn out new products faster and at a lower cost.(2012·四川高考)

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