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历年高考非谓语动词题型

英语网 | 2014-03-25
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  作目的状语只能用不定式的一般式,一般位于句首,有时也可位于句中或句末

  1.(2013·湖南高考)________ warm at night, I would fill the woodstove, then set my alarm clock for midnight so I could refill it.

  A.Staying        B.Stayed

  C.To stay  D.Stay

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。句意:为了晚上保暖,我往火炉中添了木柴,又设置了午夜的闹钟以便再次添加。此处“保暖”是“添加木柴”的目的,所以用动词不定式作目的状语。

  2.(2013·山东高考)I stopped the car ________ a short break as I was feeling tired.

  A.take  B.taking

  C.to take  D.taken

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,停下车是为了休息,所以应用不定式作目的状语。

  原则二:作伴随状语一般用v.-ing形式的一般式

  1.(2013·重庆高考)When I was little, my mother used to sit by my bed, ________ me stories till I fell asleep.

  A.having told  B.telling

  C.told  D.to tell

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,my mother与tell之间为逻辑上的主动关系,故用动词-ing形式。having done表示这个动作先于主句动作发生,与句意不符,可排除,故选B。

  2.(2013·湖南高考)The sun began to rise in the sky, ________ the mountain in golden light.

  A.bathed  B.bathing

  C.to have bathed  D.having bathed

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。句意:太阳在天空中升起,这座山沐浴在金色的阳光之中。bathe是及物动词,意为“使沐浴(在光线里)”,与the sun构成逻辑上的主动关系,故用现在分词作状语。

  原则三:作原因状语一般用现在分词或过去分词(二者的选择取决于其与逻辑主语的关系),而在某些表示情感的形容词后作原因状语常用不定式

  1.(2013·北京高考)________ the course very difficult, she decided to move to a lower level.

  A.Find  B.Finding

  C.To find  D.Found

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。句意:她发现这门课程非常难,决定转学一门较低水平的(课程)。she与find之间是逻辑上的主动关系,故用现在分词短语作状语。

  2.(2012·全国卷Ⅱ)The old man sat in front of the television every evening, happy ________ anything that happened to be on.

  A.to watch  B.watching

  C.watched  D.to have watched

  解析:选A 考查非谓语动词。句意:老人每天晚上坐在电视机前,看电视上播放的任何电视节目都很高兴。后半句是形容词短语作伴随状语。

  3.(2011·四川高考)______an important role in a new movie, Andy has got a chance to become famous.

  A.Offer  B.Offering

  C.Offered  D.To offer

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词作状语。句子主语Andy与offer之间是动宾关系,所以用过去分词作状语。故选C。

  原则四:在“be+性质形容词+不定式”结构中,形容词修饰说明不定式时,常用不定式的主动形式表示被动含义

  1.(2012·辽宁高考)This machine is very easy ________. Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes.

  A.operating  B.to be operating

  C.operated  D.to operate

  解析:选D 考查非谓语动词。在句型“主语+be+adj.+to do”中,常用不定式的主动形式表示被动含义,故选D。

  2.(2011·安徽高考)Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier ______ into small pieces.

  A.break   B.breaking

  C.broken   D.to break

  解析:选D 考查非谓语动词。句意:汤姆问糖果制造商是否可以把巧克力制作得更容易弄碎些。“be+easy/difficult ...”后常跟不定式的主动形式表示被动意义,故答案为D项。

  原则五:一些抽象名词如chance, warning, ability, ambition, attempt, offer, decision, anxiety, way等词后常用不定式的一般式作定语

  1.(2013·北京高考)Volunteering gives you a chance ________ lives, including your own.

  A.change        B.changing

  C.changed  D.to change

  解析:选D 考查非谓语动词。句意:志愿者活动给了你一个改变人生的机会,包括你自己的。a chance to do sth.“做某事的机会”。英语中有些抽象名词,如chance, ability, way等,常用不定式作定语。

  2.(2011·湖南高考)The ability ________ an idea is as important as the idea itself.

  A.expressing  B.expressed

  C.to express  D.to be expressed

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。ability 后常接不定式的一般式的主动形式作定语,意为“做……的能力”。句意: 表达思想的能力和思想本身一样重要。

  原则六:作介词的宾语一般用v.-ing形式的一般式,但在介词but, except后需跟不定式作宾语(是否带to可参照“前do后不to”的原则)

  1.(2013·江苏高考)Shortly after suffering from a massive earthquake and ________ to ruins, the city took on a new look.

  A.reducing  B.reduced

  C.being reduced  D.having reduced

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,空格处与suffering from是and连接的两个并列成分,在形式上应保持一致,又因reduce与the city之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,因此选being reduced。

  2.(2012·陕西高考)If he takes on this work, he will have no choice but ________ an even greater challenge.

  A.meets  B.meeting

  C.meet  D.to meet

  解析:选D 考查不定式固定搭配。句意:如果他承担这项工作,他将别无选择,只有面对更大的挑战。have no choice but to do sth.“别无选择,只有做某事”。

  原则七:作主语表示一般行为常用v.-ing形式的一般式。用it作形式主语时,常用不定式作真正主语,it's no use/no good/useless doing结构除外

  1.(2013·福建高考)________basic first-aid techniques will help you respond quickly to emergencies.

  A.Known  B.Having known

  C.Knowing  D.Being known

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。句意:了解基本的急救技巧能够帮助你快速应对紧急情况。分析句子结构可知,空处在句中充当主语,应用动词-ing形式。having known强调“完成”,不符合句意,可排除。故选C。

  2.(2012·浙江高考)No matter how bright a talker you are, there are times when it's better ________ silent.

  A.remain  B.be remaining

  C.having remained  D.to remain

  解析:选D 考查非谓语动词。句意:不管你多么能言善辩,但有时候还是保持沉默更好。该题考查“it is+形容词+to do sth.”这一句型,句中to remain silent“保持沉默”是真正的主语,it是形式主语。

  3.(2011·上海高考)It's no use ________ without taking any action.

  A.complain  B.complaining

  C.being complained  D.to be complained

  解析:选B 句意:只抱怨而不采取行动是没用的。在“it's no use doing”结构中,v.-ing形式作真正主语。

  原则八:在seem后作表语一般用不定式。remain作“尚待”讲,后常加to be done作表语,作“仍然”讲,后可加现在分词或过去分词

  1.(2013·重庆高考)The engine just won't start.Something seems ________ wrong with it.

  A.to go  B.to have gone

  C.going  D.having gone

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。句意:发动机启动不了了,它好像出问题了。动词seem后常接动词不定式,因此C、D两项不正确。由句意可知,go这一动作在start之前发生,故选B。

  2.(2011·上海高考)Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, emailing ... but we seem ________ the art of communicating face-to-face.

  A.losing  B.to be losing

  C.to be lost  D.having lost

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词作表语。句意:现在我们有聊天室,能传递文本信息,还可以发电子邮件……但是我们似乎正在失去面对面交流的技能。seem后通常用动词不定式,排除A和D两项;此处非谓语动词后有名词短语the art of communicating face-to-face作其宾语,所以排除C项(被动形式),故选B。

  3.(2010·福建高考)In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained ________ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud.

  A.sticking  B.stuck

  C.to be stuck  D.to have stuck

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。句意:四月份,成千上万的度假者由于火山灰的影响而被滞留在国外。此处remain为系动词,后接过去分词作表语,表示被动。



  1.(2013·河南省普通高中适应性检测卷一)People spend many years learning about favorite sports and ________ how to do them well.

  A.practice  B .practiced

  C.practicing D.to practice

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。spend ... (in) doing sth.表示“花费……做某事”,根据and可知,空处应与learning并列,作省略了的介词in的宾语,故选C。

  2.(2013·威海两校模拟)________ the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge of the earth.

  A.Having believed  B.Believing

  C.Believed  D.To believe

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。句意:许多人认为地球是平的,担心哥伦布会从地球的边缘掉下去。believe与句子主语为逻辑上的主谓关系,且feared与believe无时间上的前后之分,故选B项。

  3.(2013·四川省泸州市4月模拟)There was no signal in that faraway village and all my attempts ________ you failed.

  A.to contact  B.contacting

  C.contacted  D.having contacted

  解析:选A 考查非谓语动词。句意:在那个遥远的村庄没有信号,因此我怎么也联系不上你。attempt后面应用不定式作定语。

  4.(2013·河南豫西五校质量检测)The text is too difficult. The explanation of our teacher will help make it easy ________.

  A.to understand  B.to be understood

  C.understood  D.understand

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