你现在的位置 :英语 > 高中英语 > 高中英语试题 > 正文

历年高考非谓语动词典例题型

英语网 | 2014-03-25
分享到:

  非谓语动词

  1.(2013·泰安一模)________ in the countryside made Mr. Wilson very hardworking when he was very young.

  A.Bringing up      B.Having brought up

  C.Being brought up  D.Brought up

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。句意:Mr. Wilson在乡下被抚养长大,这使他在很小的时候就很勤劳。分析句意及句子结构可知,bring up与Mr. Wilson之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,又因为句子缺少主语,故用being brought up。

  2.(2013·成都一模)________ all the homework assigned by the school, the students have to work at it till midnight.

  A.Completing  B.To complete

  C.Having completed  D.To have completed

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。此处为目的状语, 因此使用不定式,排除A和C,而且不强调完成,因此使用不定式的一般式,故选B。

  3.(2013·洛阳一模)________ in the bank robbery, Tod was arrested by the local police early in the morning.

  A.Involving  B.Involved

  C.To involve  D.To be involved

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。句意:因为参与了银行抢劫案,托德一大早就被当地警方逮捕了。involve与Tod之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用involve的过去分词形式。Involved in ...=Because Tod was involved in ...,在句中作原因状语。

  4.(2013·四川省重点中学一模)Some people try to knock me down, only ________ me more determined to do things better.

  A.having made  B.make

  C.to make D.making

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。句意:有些人试图把我击倒,结果却使我更加坚定地去把事情做得更好。only与不定式连用,用来表示意想不到的结果。

  5.(2013·潍坊一模)Ang Lee's new film Life of Pi is based on a fantasy adventure novel by Yann Martel ________ in 2001.

  A.was published  B.having published

  C.published  D.to be published

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。题干中的a fantasy adventure novel与publish之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,应用过去分词published作后置定语表示完成和被动之意,相当于定语从句that/which was published。

  6.(2013·江西赣州高三一模)The meeting which is reported ________ this month has been put off till the end of next month.

  A.being held  B.to hold

  C.to be held  D.holding

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。句意:本来宣布要这个月举行的会议已经被推迟到下月底了。hold与the meeting之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用被动语态,不定式则表示将来的动作。故C项正确。

  7.(2013·河南豫西五校一模)With Hurricane Sandy ________ the US east coast, Obama had to cancel Wednesday's campaign events in order to focus on the rescue and response efforts for Sandy.

  A.approach  B.approaching

  C.approached  D.being approached

  解析:选B 此处考查with的复合结构。Hurricane Sandy与approach之间构成逻辑上的主动关系,所以用approaching。

  8.(2013·济南一模)The quarrel ________ to the fight started from their disbelief in each other.

  A.led  B.to lead

  C.leading  D.has led

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。句意:导致这场打斗的争吵开始于他们相互之间的怀疑。此处为现在分词形式作后置定语,修饰the quarrel。

  9.(2013·龙岩一模)-________ so many countries, you must be able to speak several different languages.

  -I wish I could, but English is the only one I can speak.

  A.Visiting  B.To visit

  C.To have visited  D.Having visited

  解析:选D 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,句中已有谓语动词,故空处应用非谓语动词形式;且visit与you之间是逻辑上的主动关系,故应用动词的-ing形式。根据语境可知,空处的动作发生在谓语动词之前,故用动词的-ing形式的完成式。

  10.(2013·江西重点中学一模)________ too much for his intelligence, Harry often overlooks the importance of effort.

  A.Praised  B.Having praised

  C.Praising  D.Being praised

  解析:选A 考查非谓语动词。句意:因为他的才智被过度赞扬,Harry经常忽视努力的重要性。Harry与praise之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,表示原因,故选A。

  11.(2013·江西南昌两校一模)A world-shocking shooting rocked a school in the US, ________ twenty children and eight adults dead.

  A.leave  B.left

  C.to leave  D.leaving

  解析:选D 考查非谓语动词。句意:震惊世界的美国校园枪击案导致二十名儿童和八名成人遇难。分析句子结构,此处应用现在分词作结果状语。

  12.(2013·九江一模)My brother sent me an email with one of his photos on Mount Tai ________ to it.

  A.attached  B.attach

  C.attaching  D.to attach

  解析:选A 考查非谓语动词。句意:我哥哥发给我一封电子邮件并附上了一张他在泰山照的相片。分析句子结构可知,attach与one of his photos之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,所以用过去分词作补语。

  13.(2013·福建七所名校第一次联考)By the time I saw the job ________ in the newspaper, it was already too late to apply.

  A.advertised  B.to be advertised

  C.being advertised  D.having been advertised

  解析:选A 考查非谓语动词。句意:当我看到报纸上刊登的招聘广告时,已经太晚而无法申请了。advertise与job之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故应用过去分词作后置定语。又因此处表示“已完成”,故排除B、C两项;having done的形式不能作限制性后置定语,故排除D项。

  14.(2013·厦门一模)________ as a responsible person, Tony was appointed head of the department.

  A.Judging  B.Judged

  C.Having judged  D.To be judged

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。句意:托尼被认为是一个负责的人,所以他被任命为部门主管。分析句子结构可知,Tony与judge之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故此处用动词的-ed形式置于句首作原因状语。

  15.(2013·安徽江南十校联考)-I regret ________ you that your application has not been successful.

  -Not successful? I performed pretty well in my interview!

  A.informing  B.to inform

  C.having informed  D.to have informed

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词作宾语。句意:“我很遗憾地通知你,你的申请没有成功。”“没成功?在面试中我表现得很出色呀!”当某一动作在regret之后发生时,regret后需加to do作宾语;当某一动作在regret之前发生时,regret后需加doing/having done/to have done作宾语。本句中inform后于regret发生,故选B。

  16.(2013·江西红色六校二模)________ little such material left, they decided to hold a meeting to discuss what ________.

  A.There was; was done  B.Being; to be done

  C. Having; to do  D.With; was done

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。句意:那种材料所剩不多,他们决定开会讨论做什么。分析句意和句子结构可知,第一空用现在分词having作原因状语或用with复合结构,但第二空处暗含将来意味,表示“能用这不多的材料做什么”,故用“疑问词+to do”作宾语,故选C。

  17.(2013·山东烟台市二模)Mr. Johnson, ________ as a manager for many years, found it hard to be an ordinary clerk again.

  A.having worked  B.worked

  C.to have worked  D.working

  解析:选A 考查非谓语动词。句意:由于已经当经理很多年了,Mr. Johnson发现重新做回一名普通职员很难。主语Mr. Johnson与work之间为逻辑上的主动关系,故应用现在分词形式,由空后的时间状语“for many years”可知,应该用完成式。

  18.(2013·广元二模)-Was it George who telephoned?

  -No. A man ________ himself Peter.

  A.called  B.was called

  C.calling  D.to call

  解析:选C 考查非谓语动词。句意:“是乔治打来的电话吗?”“不,是一个自称叫彼得的人。”A man与call之间构成逻辑上的主动关系,且空处在句中作后置定语,故用call的现在分词形式。

  19.(2013·南京二模)Under the environment of fierce competition, the only way John could imagine ________ stress was to get tougher by making greater efforts.

  A.handling  B.to handle

  C.handled  D.having handled

  解析:选B 考查非谓语动词。句意:在激烈竞争的环境下,John唯一能想到的处理压力的方法就是通过更努力变得更坚强。由于此处是the only way,后面需要用to do结构。要注意John could imagine的干扰,它是定语从句,用来修饰the only way。故选B。

  20.(2013·山西四校二模)Studies show that students often ________ to too much pressure tend to develop mental problems.

  A.exposing  B.being exposed

  C.to expose  D.exposed

  解析:选D 考查非谓语动词。此处为非谓语动词作后置定语,因expose与students之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故应用被动形式,排除A、C两项,此处不表示正在进行的动作,排除B项,故选D,为过去分词作后置定语。

  21.(2013·皖南八校二联)It is necessary that we keep the young generation ________ of the current affairs.

  A.informed  B.being informed

  C.informing  D.to inform

  解析:选A 考查非谓语动词。句意:让年轻一代时刻了解时事是很有必要的。the young generation与inform之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用informed。

  22.(2013·山东省胶东示范学校二模)More children in Beijing will reach school age next year, ________ a shortage of primary school teachers in the capital.

  A.create  B.to create

  C.creating  D.crea

英语网官方微信
[标签:谓语 词典 题型 汇总]
最新文章
热门文章推荐
热门话题推荐
图书推荐
热门标签
英语在线词典