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历年高考英语情态动词题型

英语网 | 2014-03-25
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  情态动词

  1.(2013·成都一诊)Parents are doing all they ________ to help their children achieve their ambitions.

  A.shall         B.can

  C.may  D.need

  解析:选B 考查情态动词。句意:父母们在做他们力所能及的事来帮助他们的孩子实现他们的夙愿。完整形式为“Parents are doing all they can do to help their children achieve their ambitions.”其中they can do是定语从句,修饰先行词all; to help  their children achieve their ambitions是目的状语。由于主句中出现了实义动词doing,所以省略了从句中的do。故答案为B。

  2.(2013·江西六所重点高中一模)We ________ take clean drinking water for granted. One day we may run out of it.

  A.needn't   B.can't

  C.won't   D.shouldn't

  解析:选D 考查情态动词。句意:我们不应该把拥有洁净的饮用水看作是理所当然的。也许有一天,我们会用完它。shouldn't“不应该”,符合句意。

  3.(2013·皖南八校一模)I felt surprised that anyone of his intelligence ________ such an easy test.

  A.might have failed  B.could have failed

  C.should have failed  D.must have failed

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:我感到非常吃惊,像他那种智力的人竟然没有通过这么简单的测试。should表“竟然”,有出人意料的意思。

  4.(2013·济南一模)-Can you keep the secret?

  -You ________ worry -  I'm not going to mention it to  anyone.

  A.needn't     B.couldn't

  C.mustn't     D.won't

  解析:选A 考查情态动词。句意:“你能保守这个秘密吗?”“你不必担心,我不会向任何人提及它的。”根据句意可知应选needn't,表示“不必”。

  5.(2013·银川高三一模)-Where is the post office?

  -It's just over there, at the end of the street. You ________    not miss it.

  A.can        B.must

  C.may         D.should

  解析:选A 考查情态动词。句意:“邮局在哪里?”“就在那边,街道的尽头。你不会错过的。”can not“不会”;must not“禁止”;may not“可能不”;should not“不应该”。根据句意应选A。

  6.(2013·山西省太原市统一检测)-David, the windows of the room are very dirty. ________ I clean them before we move in?

  -Of course.

  A.Will  B.Would

  C.Shall  D.Do

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:“David,这个房间的窗户很脏。在我们搬进来之前我可以擦洗一下吗?”“当然可以。”shall用于第一、三人称的疑问句中,表示请求或征求对方意见。

  7.(2013·江西鹰潭一中高三一模)What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he ________ better.

  A.need have done  B.must have done

  C.can have done  D.might have done

  解析:选D 考查情态动词。句意:太可惜了!就他的能力和经验而言,他本可以做得更好。根据句意可知,此处应用might have done“本可以……”。can have done通常只用于否定句和疑问句。

  8.(2013·厦门第一次适应性考试)When my father is upset, he would rather ________.

  A.leave alone  B.we left him alone

  C.left alone  D.we leave him alone

  解析:选B 考查虚拟语气。句意:当我的父亲烦恼的时候,他更喜欢我们不打扰他。would rather后接宾语从句时,从句谓语常用一般过去时表示对现在或将来的虚拟。故B项正确。

  9.(2013·齐鲁名校一模)To make the most of your time, live every moment as if it________ your last.

  A.is          B.would be

  C.were        D.has been

  解析:选C 考查虚拟语气。句意:要充分利用时间,把每一刻都当作生命的最后一刻来生活。此处是与现在事实相反的一种虚拟,故用were,答案为C。

  10.(2013·吉林长春一模)-Please don't tell anybody.

  -I ________. I promise.

  A.can't  B.don't

  C.won't  D.mustn't

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:“请不要告诉任何人。”“我不会的,我保证。”can't“不可能,不能够”;don't助动词,表示否定;won't“不会的”,是will not的缩写;mustn't表示禁止。根据句意应选C项。

  11.(2013·保定唐县一中高三一模)-Is it good to look up every new word when I come across it in reading?

  -No, you ________, because you are likely to guess the meaning from the context.

  A.don't have to  B.shouldn't

  C.can't  D.mustn't

  解析:选A 句意:“当我阅读时遇到生词是不是每个都要查词典?”“不,你不必,因为你可以根据上下文猜测单词的意思。”don't have to表示“没有必要做”,符合语境。

  12.(2013·辽宁五校一模)The little child  ________ go out alone at night, so he ________   walk in the dark that night.

  A.doesn't dare to; dared not to B.daren't to; didn't dare to

  C.daren't; dared notD.doesn't dare to; dare not

  解析:选C 考查dare的用法。句意:那个小孩晚上不敢独自外出,所以那晚他不敢在黑暗中行走。dare既可作实义动词,也可作情态动词,作实义动词时,一般用dare to do sth.,在否定句和疑问句中to可省略,作情态动词时,后接动词原形。分析各个选项可排除A、B两项,再根据句中的that night可知,第二空应用一般过去时,排除D项。

  13.(2013·济南一模)They advocate the proposal we were opposed ________ rediscussed at the next meeting.

  A.to be  B.should be

  C.to was  D.was

  解析:选A 考查固定短语和虚拟语气。句意:他们主张我们反对的那个提议应该在下次会议上重新讨论。be opposed to sth.为固定短语,由此可知此处首先需要补充完整,故排除B、D两项;再分析句子成分可知,advocate后的从句为宾语从句,需要用虚拟语气,即“(should+)动词原形”,故A项正确。

  14.(2013·江西十所重点中学第一次联考)What's your opinion of Mr Li's request that we ________ spend half an hour reading English aloud every morning?

  A.must  B.would

  C.should  D.could

  解析:选C 考查虚拟语气。request后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,即用“(should+)动词原形”,表示要求。

  15.(2013·陕西西北工大附中一模) ________ a little earlier, you could have got a copy of his latest book.

  A.If you would arrive  B.If you arrived

  C.Should you arrive  D.Had you arrived

  解析:选D 考查虚拟语气。句意:如果你早到一会儿,你就会得到他的最新的一本书。表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,从句用过去完成时,省略if, had提前构成倒装。

  16.(2013·四川省六校二模)Jack is an outgoing child, usually kind and helpful, but he ________ lose temper sometimes.

  A.must  B.would

  C.can  D.should

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:杰克是个外向的孩子,平时很善良且乐于助人,但有时他也可能会发脾气。此处需要一个表示可能性的情态动词,只有can符合句意。

  17.(2013·成都第二次诊断)-Where did you get this book?

  -I picked it up from a second-hand bookshop if you ________  know.

  A.must  B.will

  C.can  D.shall

  解析:选A 考查情态动词。if you must (do sth.)表示“如果你一定要(那么做)”,所以选A,表示“如果你一定要知道的话”。

  18.(2013·四川省都江堰市二模)-Mike, I can't find my watch anywhere.

  -You ________ it while working out.

  A.may have lost  B.could have lost

  C.would have lost  D.should have lost

  解析:选A 考查情态动词。句意:“Mike,我哪儿也找不到我的手表。”“你有可能在锻炼身体时丢了。”may have done表示对已经发生的事情的推测,相当于“可能,大概”,符合语境。

  19.(2013·江苏南通市二模)We ________ have hurried all the way to the airport - the flight was called off because of the foggy weather.

  A.mustn't   B.couldn't

  C.needn't  D.wouldn't

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:我们本不必一路上都着急去机场的--航班因为大雾天气被取消了。needn't have done表示“本不必做却做了”,符合句意。

  20.(2013·江西九江二模)If you won't do as I tell you, you ________ get the chance to be promoted because the competition is just too fierce.

  A.couldn't   B.mustn't

  C.shouldn't  D.shan't

  解析:选D 考查情态动词。句意:如果你不照我说的做,你就得不到晋升的机会,因为竞争太激烈了。shall用于第二、三人称可表示说话人给对方的警告,符合句意。

  21.(2013·合肥第二次质检)Martin hasn't been in touch with me for ages. He  ________ my new cellphone number.

  A.needn't get  B.mustn't get

  C.can't get  D.shouldn't have got

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:马丁已经很长时间不和我联系了。他不可能有我的新手机号码。can表示猜测,往往用于否定句或疑问句,故选C。

  22.(2013·合肥一中二模)The school recommends parents ________ their children to swim in rivers or lakes during summer holidays.

  A.not permit       B.do not permit

  C.mustn't permit      D.couldn't permit

  解析:选A recommend在此意为“建议”,其后的宾语从句用虚拟语气,谓语用“should+动词原形”,其中,should可以省略。

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