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历年高考英语三大从句题型

英语网 | 2014-03-25
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  三大从句

  1.(2013·江西九校一模)A lot of lovers chose to get married on Dec. 12, 2012, ________ the date, the month and the year match.

  A.that        B.on which

  C.in which  D.which

  解析:选B 考查定语从句。句意:很多恋人选择在2012年12月12日这一天结婚,这是因为在这一天日期、月份与年份都一样。因为从句缺少时间状语,所以应用which指代先行词;当先行词是某个时期,且年月日完整时,介词应该用on。故选B。

  2.(2013·四川南充市一模)My favorite writer is Mo Yan, some of ________ novels have a surprising ending.

  A.whom  B.his

  C.whose  D.which

  解析:选C 考查定语从句。此处为“不定代词+of+关系代词”引导的非限制性定语从句,关系代词在从句中作定语,所以用whose。

  3.(2013·东北四市一模)After visiting Harbin, most of the foreign friends said they would never forget the time ________ they had spent.

  A.that  B.what

  C.when  D.at which

  解析:选A 考查定语从句。句意:去哈尔滨游玩过之后,大多数的外国友人都说他们永远都忘不了在那里度过的时光。the time是先行词,空处在定语从句中作had spent的宾语,故选A。

  4.(2013·河北高三教学质量检测)Many people tried to leave the country, ________ there was much violence and a serious shortage of food supply.

  A.where  B.which

  C.that  D.what

  解析:选A 考查定语从句。逗号后面的句子为定语从句,修饰先行词the country,且关系词在从句中作地点状语,所以用where。

  5.(2013·江西抚州五校高三一模)The most impressive sites of Chishui Danxia are its various waterfalls, ________ the Shizhang Waterfall is the largest one.

  A.for which  B.in which

  C.from which  D.of which

  解析:选D 考查“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句。句意:赤水丹霞给人印象最深的地方是各种各样的瀑布,其中十丈洞瀑布是最大的。the Shizhang Waterfall与various waterfalls之间为所属关系,故用of which引导非限制性定语从句,修饰waterfalls。

  6.(2013·四川省巴蜀名校一模)Everyone is different and that is ________ makes our world much better.

  A.that  B.which

  C.who  D.what

  解析:选D 考查名词性从句。句意:每个人都是不同的,这使我们的世界更加美好。分析句子结构可知,此处应用what引导表语从句,且在从句中作主语。

  7.(2013·日照一模)-What has made John look like lacking sleep?

  -________ he had to prepare for the coming exam and stayed up last night.

  A.For  B.Because

  C.That  D.What

  解析:选C 考查名词性从句。分析句子结构可知,答语是回答上面句子中的主语“What”的,故此句是一个主语从句,缺少引导词,而引导词在从句中不充当成分,故用“That”。

  8.(2013·青岛一模)You seem to have a ready-made answer ________ I ask you a question.

  A.whenever  B.whatever

  C.whichever  D.whoever

  解析:选A 考查状语从句。句意:不管我什么时候问你问题,你好像都有现成的答案。根据句意可知应选whenever“不管何时”。

  9.(2013·济南一模)________ you are unable to deal with it, perhaps we should ask someone else for help.

  A.Although  B.While

  C.Since  D.Unless

  解析:选C 考查状语从句。句意:既然你不能处理此事,我们也许应该请别人来帮忙。since“既然,由于”,符合句意。although“尽管”;while“当……时”;unless“除非”。

  10.(2013·厦门第一次质量检查)You had better book rooms at the hotel in advance ________ you should find no room on your arrival.

  A.so that  B.even if

  C.in case  D.now that

  解析:选C 考查连词。句意:你最好提前在旅馆订好房间,以防你到达时没房间了。so that“因此,为了”;even if“即使”;in case“以防万一”;now that“既然”。根据句意可知选C。

  11.(2013·成都第一次诊断)Actually, the London Olympic Park is built ________ there used to be a poor area called East London.

  A.what  B.when

  C.where  D.why

  解析:选C 考查地点状语从句。句意:事实上,伦敦奥运会公园建立在一个过去叫东伦敦的贫穷地区。分析句子结构可知,空处引导地点状语从句且在从句中作地点状语,故用where。

  12.(2013·四川省乐山一模)The pupils were playing games in the classroom ________ a gunman entered and began shooting wildly at them.

  A.while  B.when

  C.as  D.before

  解析:选B 考查连词。句意:学生们正在教室做游戏,这时一名持枪的男子进来并对着他们开始疯狂扫射。连词when意为“这时”,可接短暂性动词。

  13.(2013·河南开封一模)It is announced that big prizes will go to ________ finishes the assignment on time.

  A.whom  B.who

  C.whomever  D.whoever

  解析:选D 考查宾语从句。分析句子成分可知,“________ finishes the assignment on time”是宾语从句,引导词在从句中作主语,排除A、C两项;再结合“大奖将颁给任何一个按时完成任务的人”可知此处应用whoever。

  14.(2013·辽宁五校联合体第一次考试)What impresses me most is ________ he appears in front of others, he wears a sincere and charming smile.

  A.what  B.which

  C.that where  D.that whenever

  解析:选D 考查名词性从句。分析句子结构可知,“________ he appears ... smile”为表语从句,其中包含一个时间状语从句,表示“无论他什么时候出现在别人面前”,故空处填that whenever。

  15.(2013·江西南昌一模)It hasn't been made clear ________ the new underground line is to be open to traffic.

  A.when  B.that

  C.what  D.where

  解析:选A 考查名词性从句。句意:新的地铁线路何时开放还不清楚。句中it是形式主语,空处引导的是主语从句。根据句意可知选when。

  16.(2013·临沂二模)________ is often the case with old people, my grandfather is fond of doing morning exercise.

  A.As  B.Which

  C.What  D.It

  解析:选A 考查定语从句。句意:就像其他老人一样,我祖父也喜欢晨练。此句考查as引导的非限制性定语从句,as在此指代后面句子的内容,既可位于句首,也可位于句中。

   17.(2013·日照二模)The government should consider ________ people and the environment will be affected before they make decisions.

  A.whether  B.which

  C.where  D.what

  解析:选A 考查名词性从句。句意:政府应该在作决定前考虑是否会对人和环境造成影响。根据句意,此处应该用whether,表示“是否”。

  18.(2013·青岛二模)-I don't mind how you do it ________ you finish the painting on time.

  -OK, I see.

  A.as well as  B.as far as

  C.as long as  D.as fast as

  解析:选C 考查连词。句意:“只要你能按时完成这幅画,我不介意你是怎么做的。”“好的,我明白了。”as long as“只要”,符合句意。as well as“和……一样好,也”;as far as“就……而言,远至”;as fast as“和……一样快”。

  19.(2013·江苏南京二模)Provide your doctor with a detailed medical history ________ he can give you accurate treatment.

  A.even if  B.in case

  C.so that  D.as though

  解析:选C 考查状语从句。句意:提供给你的医生一份详尽的病历,以便他可以给你准确的治疗。此处so that引导目的状语从句,意为“以便,为了”,符合句意。

  20.(2013·江西师大附中二模)All the soldiers were placed exactly ________ the local government wanted them for the control of the comeback of the flood.

  A.while  B.when

  C.where  D.though

  解析:选C 考查状语从句。分析句子成分可知,连词在状语从句“________ the local government wanted them”中作地点状语,故用where引导地点状语从句。

  21.(2013·四川省攀枝花市二模)________ we've set our mind on the goal, we must go through with the task.

  A.As long as  B.Even if

  C.Now that  D.If only

  解析:选C 考查状语从句。句意:既然认定了目标,我们就必须实现它。now that“既然,由于”,引导原因状语从句,符合句意。as long as“只要”,引导条件状语从句;even if“即使”,引导让步状语从句;if only“要是……就好了”,通常表示假设的情况。

  22.(2013·黄山高三二模)Some place names have been changing over the years. For example, Jinling in ancient China refers to ________ is now called Nanjing.

  A.that  B.which

  C.what  D.whether

  解析:选C 考查名词性从句。句意:有些地名随着时间的流逝而变化。例如,中国古代的“金陵”指的就是现在的“南京”。空处引导宾语从句,宾语从句缺少主语,故用what。

  23.(2013·浙江温州二模)Scientists have found evidence ________ global warming caused the world's first horses to become smaller nearly 50 million years ago.

  A.what  B.that

  C.which  D.whether

  解析:选B 考查同位语从句。句意:科学家们已经找到证据,证明大约5 000万年前,全球变暖使世界上首批马的个头变小了。根据句意可知,空后说的是evidence的内容,并且引导词在从句中不作成分,所以用that引导同位语从句。

  24. (2013·银川高三二模)It remains to be seen ________ this plan is practical enough to keep the project going.

  A.whether  B.how

  C.where  D.when

  解析:选A 考查主语从句

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