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历年高考英语特殊句式题型

英语网 | 2014-03-25
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  特殊句式及其他

  1.(2013·南昌一模)It is comforting to see that ________, we are doing our part for the environment.[gkstk]

  A.as small may be we  B.as we may be small

  C.small as may be we  D.small as we may be

  解析:选D 考查倒装。句意:很欣慰看到我们都在为环境尽自己的一份力,尽管我们可能是渺小的。此处考查as引导让步状语从句时构成的部分倒装,语序应为“形容词/名词+as+主语+谓语”,故D项正确。

  2.(2013·东北三校一模)I am certain by no means ________ his word since he has promised an amount of money to the poor.

  A.he will break  B.will he break

  C.broke  D.did he break

  解析:选B 考查倒装。句意:我确信既然他答应捐一笔钱给穷人,他绝不会食言的。by no means“绝不”为表示否定意义的介词短语,置于句首时,其后面的主谓语要部分倒装,根据句意可知设空处需用一般将来时,故选B。

  3.(2013·辽宁五校协作体第一次联考)________ about the man wearing sunglasses during night that he was determined to follow him.

  A.So curious the detective was

  B.So curious was the detective

  C.How curious was the detective

  D.How curious the detective was

  解析:选B 考查倒装。句意:那个侦探对于夜里戴墨镜的那个人如此好奇以至于他决定跟踪他。“so ... that ...”句型中,如果将“so+形容词/副词”置于句首,主句主谓需部分倒装,故选B。

  4.(2013·青岛一模)Scientists are still wondering ________ the Egyptians built the pyramids so long ago.

  A.how it is that  B.how is it that

  C.it is how that  D.that how it is

  解析:选A 考查强调句型。分析句子结构可知,wondering后为宾语从句,宾语从句中含有一个强调句的特殊疑问句。由于宾语从句要用陈述语序,故选A。

  5.(2013·安徽合肥三校一模)-Was it at 11 o'clock ________ your father came back last night?

  -Yes, he is always coming back so late.

  A.that  B.while

  C.when  D.until

  解析:选A 考查强调句型。句意:“你爸爸昨晚是11点才回来的吧?”“是的,他总是这么晚回来。”此句是一个强调句结构,that是强调句的结构词,被强调的部分是at 11 o'clock。

  6.(2013·山东济宁一模)How close parents are to their children ________ a strong influence on the development of the children's characters.

  A.having  B.had

  C.has  D.have

  解析:选C 考查主谓一致。句意:父母对他们的孩子们的亲近程度对孩子们的性格培养有很大影响。题干中缺少谓语,故排除A项;“How close parents are to their children”作主语,谓语动词用单数形式,故排除D项;本句在介绍一种理论,用一般现在时,故答案为C项。

  7.(2013·安徽省芜湖三校一模)A recent study has found that the number of smokers ________ sharply over the past five years.

  A.is increasing

  B.are increasing

  C.has been increasing

  D.have been increasing

  解析:选C 考查时态和主谓一致。句意:最近一项研究表明,在过去五年里,吸烟者人数急剧上升。the number of后接复数名词作主语,谓语动词则用第三人称单数;时间状语over the past five years表明用现在完成进行时。

  8.(2013·皖南八校第一次联考)He is only too ready to help others, seldom, ________, refusing them when they turn to him.

  A.if never  B.if ever

  C.if not  D.if anything

  解析:选B 考查省略。句意:他非常乐意帮助别人,当别人求助于他的时候,他很少,如果曾经有过的话,拒绝他们。if ever“如果曾经有过的话”,符合句意。

  9.(2013·郑州一模)-Did you tell her the bad news?

  -Yes, but I'd rather ________.

  A.didn't  B.not

  C.not have  D.hadn't

  解析:选C 考查省略。句意:“你告诉她这个坏消息了吗?”“是的,但我宁愿没有告诉过她。”答句补充完整是Yes, but I'd rather not have told her the bad news。 would rather (not) have done表示“宁愿过去(没)做过……”。在省略句中,have不可省略。

  10.(2013·甘肃河西五市一模)Look! The ground is wet. It must have rained last night, ________?

  A.hasn't it  B.hadn't it

  C.mustn't it  D.didn't it

  解析:选D 考查反意疑问句。句意:看!地是湿的。昨晚一定下过雨,是不是?It must have rained last night是推测语气,可改写为I think it rained last night,可见其反意疑问部分应为didn't it,故选D。

  11.(2013·宝鸡一模)There is so much rain on the island that its annual rainfall reaches ________.

  A.sixty inches as much as

  B.as sixty inches much as

  C.as much as sixty inches

  D.as much sixty inches as

  解析:选C 句意:这个岛上的雨水如此之多以至于它的年降雨量多达60英寸。as much as意为“多达……,……之多”,其后直接跟具体的数量。故选C。

  12.(2013·石家庄高三一模)-Have you seen the film Lost on Journey?

  -Yeah, amazing! It's ________ than the films I have ever seen.

  A.any less interesting  B.much less interesting

  C.no more interesting  D.far more interesting

  解析:选D 由答语中的“amazing”可知,答话人对电影持肯定的态度,故D项符合句意“它比我曾看过的电影有意思得多”。far修饰形容词的比较级,意为“非常,远远,大大”。

  13.(2013·皖南八校第一次联考)A recent survey shows the number of people who shop in stores ________, while far more are shopping online.

  A.decrease  B.decreases

  C.is decreasing  D.are decreasing

  解析:选C 考查时态和主谓一致。the number of后接名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数;由后一分句中的“are shopping online”可知,前一分句也用现在进行时。

  14.(2013·咸阳一模)When we entered, we found lying on the ground ________ along with her parents.

  A.was a girl  B.were a girl

  C.a girl was  D.a girl were

  解析:选A 考查倒装和主谓一致。把found后面的成分变为陈述句语序应该是a girl along with her parents was lying on the ground,主语是a girl,所以谓语动词用单数;lying与地点状语on the ground提前,后面应该用全部倒装。

  15.(2013·安徽重点中学一模)Not only ________ to turn off the lights in the kitchen, but we also failed to lock the front door.

  A.we forgot  B.forgot we

  C.did we forget  D.we did forget

  解析:选C 考查倒装。句意:我们不仅忘记关厨房的灯,而且忘了锁前门。not only位于句首时,其后的成分要部分倒装,故选C。B项为全部倒装,故可排除。

  16.(2013·陕西重点中学高三二模)We pursue happiness, thinking one day we will find it. But ________ it by seeking it.

  A.rarely will we find  B.rarely we will find

  C.rarely will find we  D.rarely find we will

  解析:选A 考查倒装。句意:我们追求幸福,想着总有一天会找到幸福。但是,我们几乎不能通过一味追求幸福而找到幸福。否定副词放在句首时,句子要部分倒装。A项正确。

  17.(2013·天津12区二模)No sooner ________ down on bed ________ the telephone rang.

  A.had he lain; than  B.had he lied; when

  C.did he lie; than  D.had he laid; before

  解析:选A 考查倒装。句意:他一躺在床上,电话就响了。固定句式no sooner ... than ...“一……就……”,要求no sooner后面的主句部分用过去完成时的部分倒装形式,即no sooner had+主语+done,故选A。

  18.(2013·安徽蚌埠二检)Could it be in the restaurant ________ you had dinner with me yesterday ________ you lost your handbag?

  A.where; when  B.which; where

  C.that; which  D.where; that

  解析:选D 考查强调句型。句意:有没有可能你在我们昨天一起吃饭的那家饭店,把手提包给丢了?被强调部分为in the restaurant,故第二空用that; in the restaurant后面的you had dinner with me yesterday为定语从句,修饰the restaurant,关系词在定语从句中作状语,故第一空用where。

  19.(2013·河北石家庄二模)-________ has brought worldwide attention to China?

  -Rapid and steady economic growth, of course.

  A.What do you think it is

  B.What do you think is it

  C.What do you think it is that

  D.What do you think is it that

  解析:选C 考查含插入语的特殊疑问句的强调句型。句意:“你认为是什么使得全世界关注中国?”“当然是快速、稳定的经济增长。”本题的解题思路是I think rapid and steady economic growth has brought worldwide attention to China。然后就rapid and steady economic growth提问变为特殊疑问句,即What do you think has brought worldwide attention to China?然后考虑What has brought worldwide attention to China?的强调句型是What is it that has brought worldwide attention to China?最后考虑本句中特殊疑问句的强调句作you think的宾语,故需用陈述句语序,即What do you think it is that has brought worldwide attention to China?故选C。

  20.(2013·湖南长沙二模)Either the judge or the lawyers ________ wrong on the case at that moment.

  A.is  B.are

  C.were  D.was

  解析:选C 考查时态和主谓一致。句意:那时,在这件案子上,不是法官错就是律师们错了。并列主语由either ... or ...连接时,谓语应与最邻近的主语的数保持一致

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