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历年高考英语形容词、副词和介词题型

英语网 | 2014-03-25
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  形容词、副词

  1.(2013·浙江高考)Mary worked here as a ________ secretary and ended up getting a full-time job with the company.

  A.pessimistic       B.temporary

  C.previous  D.cautious解析:选B 考查形容词辨析。句意:玛丽刚开始在公司是临时秘书,但最终她在这里得到了一份全职的工作。temporary“暂时的,临时的”,符合语境。pessimistic“悲观的”;previous“先前的”;cautious“谨慎的”。

  2.(2013·福建高考)The Forbidden City attracts a ________ stream of visitors every day, especially during national holidays.

  A.constant  B.main

  C.powerful  D.shallow

  解析:选A 考查形容词辨析。句意:紫禁城每天都吸引着络绎不绝的游客,特别是在国庆节期间。a constant stream of visitors表示“络绎不绝的游客”。constant“持续不断的”,符合句意。main“主要的”;powerful“强有力的”;shallow“浅的”。

  3.(2013·辽宁高考)Everything seemed to be going ________ for the first two days after I moved to New York.

  A.vividly  B.generally

  C.frequently  D.smoothly

  解析:选D 考查副词辨析。句意:我搬到纽约后的前两天一切进展得似乎都很顺利。go smoothly“进展顺利”。

  4.(2013·湖北高考)Don't defend him any more.It's obvious that he ________ destroyed the fence of the garden even without apology.

  A.accidentally  B.carelesslyC.deliberately  D.clumsily

  解析:选C 考查副词辨析。句意:别再为他辩护了。显然他是故意把花园的围墙弄坏的,而且还不道歉。根据句意可知应选C,表示“故意地,刻意地”。accidentally“偶然地”;carelessly“粗心地”;clumsily“笨拙地”。

  5. (2013·江西高考)What a terrible experience!________, you're safe now -that's the main thing.

  A.AnywayB.BesidesC.Otherwise  D.Therefore

  解析:选A 考查副词辨析。句意:多么可怕的经历啊!不过你现在安全了--这是主要的事情。anyway“无论如何,总之”,符合语境。besides“此外,另外”;otherwise“否则”;therefore“因此”。

  6.(2013·安徽高考)David is ________ animal fur, so he won't visit anyone who has cats or dogs in the house.

  A.curious about  B.allergic to

  C.satisfied with  D.fond of

  解析:选B 考查形容词短语辨析。(be) curious about“对……好奇的”;(be) allergic to“对……过敏的”;(be) satisfied with“对……满意的”;(be) fond of“喜欢”。根据空格后面的so he won't visit anyone who has cats or dogs in the house可知,戴维对动物皮毛“过敏”。故选B。

  形容词和副词的辨析主要是给出语境,让学生选择符合这种语境的形容词或副词。近三年考查到的还有:

  形容词:①appropriate (正确的,适当的); conscious (有意识的,有知觉的); arbitrary (任意的,武断的); controversial (有争议的)

  ②commercial (商业的); generous (大方的); comparable (类似的,同类的); profitable (有利可图的)

  ③reasonable (合情合理的); confident (自信的); creative (创造力的); grateful (感激的)

  ④important; spare; public; convenient (便利的)

  ⑤dramatic (戏剧性的); regional (宗教的); apparent (明显的); subtle (细微的)

  ⑥unchallenged (不被怀疑的);relevant (相关的);controversial (有争议的);contradictory (矛盾的)

  ⑦vital (重要的); available (可用的,可以得到的); specific (具体的); similar

  ⑧available; affordable (负担得起的); acceptable (可接受的); valuable

  副词:①hopefully; curiously; occasionally (偶尔); gradually (逐渐地)

  ②thus; besides; rather; otherwise

  ③competitively (竞争地); recently; reasonably (合理地); affordably

  ④besides; however; therefore; instead⑤besides; otherwise; however; altogether

  ⑥especially; equally (平等地); naturally; normally (正常地)

  ⑦nevertheless (然而); besides; otherwise; therefore

  ⑧especially; regularly (经常地,有规律地); particularly; approximately (大约)

  7.(2013·济南市高三二模)Our new house is very ________ for me as I can get to the supermarket in five minutes from here.

  A.convenient  B.comfortable

  C.natural  D.helpful

  解析:选A 考查形容词辨析。句意:我们的新房对我来说很方便,因为从这里5分钟就可以到达超市。convenient“方便的;便利的”;comfortable“舒服的”;natural“自然的”;helpful“有帮助的”。

  8.(2013·大连24中模拟)Good health is the basis for students to ________ carry on with their studies and to do any other activity.

  A.especially                            B.dependently

  C.effectivelyD.reasonably

  解析:选C 考查副词辨析。句意:对学生来说好的身体是他们继续有效学习和做其他活动的基础。especially“尤其;特别”;dependently“依赖地”;effectively“有效地”;reasonably“合乎情理地”。

  9.(2013·潍坊市高三二模)As we all know, ________ medical examination will help us find our health problems as early as possible.

  A.regular                              B.general

  C.commonD.normal

  解析:选A 考查形容词辨析。句意:众所周知,定期体检会帮助我们尽早发现我们的健康问题。regular“定期的”;general“总的;一般的”;common“共同的;常见的”;normal“正常的”。

  10.(2013·福建泉州七中模拟)Whatever background you come from, you can be ________ successful with your hard work like many others.

  A.equallyB.merelyC.mostlyD.hardly解析:选A 考查副词辨析。句意:无论你的家庭背景如何,你会像其他人一样通过努力工作取得成功。equally“相等;同样”;merely“仅仅;只是”;mostly“大部分地”;hardly“几乎不”。5.(2013·江西南昌二模) The little girl is walking along the beach, happy and joyful, ________ bending down to pick up a beautiful seashell.

  A.approximately  B.regularly

  C.apparently  D.occasionally

  解析:选D 考查副词辨析。句意:那个小女孩高兴地沿着沙滩漫步,偶尔弯下腰捡一个美丽的贝壳。根据句意可知,此处应用occasionally,表示“偶尔,间或”。

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