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英语网 | 2014-03-25



  1.(2013·江西高考)When I was a child, I ________ watch TV whenever I wanted to.

  A.should          B.could

  C.must  D.need

  解析:选B 考查情态动词。句意:当我还是个孩子的时候,我什么时候想看电视就可以看。根据题干中的whenever I wanted to可知,此空应填could,表示一般的能力,指想做就能做到。

  2.(2013·湖南高考)He ________ sleep, although he tried to, when he got on such a hunt for an idea until he had caught it.

  A.wouldn't  B.shouldn't

  C.couldn't  D.mustn't

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:尽管他想睡,但仍睡不着,(因为)当时他拼命想着一个主意,一直到想出来为止他才睡去。此处couldn't表示“不可能”,符合句意。

  3.(2012·全国卷)I'm going to Europe on vacation together with John if I ________ find the money.

  A.can  B.might

  C.would  D.need

  解析:选A 考查情态动词。句意:如果我能弄到钱,我就和John一起去欧洲度假。结合前后部分的内容可知,此处表示的是能力。故用can“能,会”。

  ①表示现在的能力:can,am/is/are able to

  表示将来的能力:will be able to

  表示过去的能力:could表示过去的能力,不表示是否成功地做了;was/were able to表示过去有能力做而且成功地做了

  -No one can be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball.

  -Oh, you are really his big fan.(2011·湖南高考)




  1.(2013·重庆高考)-What are you doing this Saturday?

  -I'm not sure, but I ________ go to  the Rolling Stones concert.

  A.must  B.would

  C.should  D.might

  解析:选D 考查情态动词。由答语中的“I'm not sure”可知,答话人对自己的安排还不能确定,因此用might,表示“可能,或许”。must表示肯定的推测,意为“必须,一定”;would表示意愿;should表示“应该”。

  2.(2013·安徽高考)It ________ be the vocabulary that caused you the problem in the exercise because you know a lot of words.

  A.may  B.couldn't

  C.should  D.needn't

  解析:选B 考查情态动词的用法。句意:你难以完成那道练习题不可能是词汇量的原因,因为你掌握了大量的词汇。根据原因状语从句because you know a lot of words可知,主句应该是否定的,A项和C项可排除;needn't表示“不必”,不符合题意。此处表示可能性,故选B。

  3.(2011·江西高考)It ________be the postman at the door.It's only six o'clock.

  A.mustn't  B.can't

  C.won't  D.needn't

  解析:选B 考查情态动词。句意:门口不可能是邮递员,(现在)才六点钟。 对现在的否定推测,由It's only six o'clock.分析可知应用can't(不可能)。mustn't“禁止”, won't“不会”,needn't“不必”,均不合句意。

  4.(2010·北京高考)-Good morning. I've got an appointment with Miss Smith in the Personnel Department.

  -Ah, good morning. You ________ be Mrs. Peters.

  A.might  B.must

  C.would  D.can

  解析:选B 考查情态动词。第一句说明和史密斯女士有约定,所以秘书判断一定是……。must在此表示推测,意为“一定”,符合语境。

  ①肯定句:can表示客观上的可能,有时会;may/might/could表示可能;must表示一定;should/ought to表示应该/按说应该

  ②否定句:can't/couldn't表示不可能;may not/might not表示可能不;shouldn't/oughtn't to表示应该不会


  [点津] mustn't不表推测,而是表示禁止。

  ①It is usually warm in my hometown in March, but it can be rather cold sometimes.(2008·福建高考)


  ②Mr.Bush is on time for everything.How can it be that he was late for the meeting?


  ③-Let's visit Tom together, Stephen.

  -There's no need to do so. He can't be at home, because I saw him board the flight to Beijing this morning.



  ④-It's the office!So you must know eating is not allowed here.

  -Oh, sorry.(2009·湖南高考)



  ⑤There shouldn't be any difficulty about passing the road test since you have practiced a lot in the driving school.



  1.(2012·上海高考)The new law states that people ________ drive after drinking alcohol.

  A.wouldn't  B.needn't

  C.won't  D.mustn't

  解析:选D 句意:新法律声明人们不准酒后驾车。mustn't“不准”,表示禁止。

  2.(2012·辽宁高考)One of our rules is that every student ________ wear school uniform while at school.

  A.might  B.could

  C.shall  D.will

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:我们的一条规定是学生在校时都必须要穿校服。shall用于第二、三人称,表示说话人给对方命令、警告、允诺或威胁。

  3.(2010·辽宁高考)Doctors say that exercise is important for health, but it ________ be regular exercise.

  A.can  B.will

  C.must  D.may

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:医生说,锻炼对于健康很重要,但是必须是有规律的锻炼。情态动词must表示“必须”,符合语意。

  4.(2010·四川高考)-________ I take the book out?

  -I'm afraid not.

  A.Will  B.May

  C.Must  D.Need

  解析:选B 考查情态动词。句意:“我能将书带出去吗?”“恐怕不行。”may表示征求对方的许可。

  5.(2009·全国卷Ⅰ)What do you mean, there are only ten tickets?There________be twelve.

  A.should  B.would

  C.will  D.shall

  解析:选A 考查情态动词。句意:你说的是什么意思?只有10张票吗?本来应该有12张票的。情态动词should表示“应该”,符合句意。

  ①请求对方允许时用May/Can/Could I/we ...?

  ②主动提出帮忙或提出建议时用Shall I/we ...?

  ③提出请求、问题、看法时用Will/Would you ...?或Shall he/she/they ...?

  ④should/ought to表示应该,shouldn't/oughtn't to表示不应该






  1.(2012·全国卷Ⅰ)I ________ use a clock to wake me up because at six o'clock each morning the train comes by my house.

  A.couldn't  B.mustn't

  C.shouldn't  D.needn't

  解析:选D 考查情态动词。句意:我不需要用闹钟叫自己起床,因为每天早上六点都会有一列火车经过我家门口。应选“不需要”,即needn't。

  2.(2011·福建高考)-Shall I inform him of the change of the schedule right now?

  -I am afraid you ________, in case he comes late for the meeting.

  A.will  B.must

  C.may  D.can

  解析:选B 考查情态动词。依据 in case he comes late for the meeting 可知,这里用 must 表示“必须”,强调提醒时间安排的变化的“必要性”。

  You don't have to buy a gift, but you can if you want to.(2010·湖南高考)



  1.(2013·新课标全国卷Ⅰ)The door ________ open, no matter how hard she pushed.

  A.shouldn't  B.couldn't

  C.wouldn't  D.mightn't

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:无论她怎么努力去推,这扇门就是打不开。情态动词will表示事物的倾向和特性,意为“总是,会”。因后半句用的是一般过去时,因此空处应用will的过去式would。

  2.(2012·江苏高考)Days later, my brother called to say he was all right, but ________ say where he was.

  A.mustn't  B.shouldn't

  C.wouldn't  D.mightn't

  解析:选C 考查情态动词。句意:几天后,我哥哥打电话说他一切都好,但不愿意说他在哪儿。mustn't意为“禁止”;shouldn't意为“不应该”;wouldn't在此意为“不愿意”;mightn't意为“或许不”。