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新概念英语第三册-Lesson 27(词汇)高中

网络 | 2014-03-31

  Nothing to sell and nothing to buy

  It has been said that everyone lives by selling something. In the light of this statement, teachers live by selling knowledge, philosophers by selling wisdom and priests by selling spiritual comfort. Though it may be possible to measure the value of material goods in terms of money, it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us. There are times when we would willingly give everything we possess to save our lives, yet we might grudge paying a surgeon a high fee for offering us precisely this service. The conditions of society are such that skills have to be paid for in the same way that goods are paid for at a shop. Everyone has something to sell.

  Tramps seem to be the only exception to this general rule. Beggars almost sell themselves as human beings to arouse the pity of passers-by. But real tramps are not beggars. They have nothing to sell and require nothing from others. In seeking independence, they do not sacrifice their human dignity. A tramp may ask you for money, but he will never ask you to feel sorry for him. He has deliberately chosen to lead the life he leads and is fully aware of the consequences. He may never be sure where the next meal is coming from, but he is free from the thousands of anxieties which afflict other people. His few material possession make it possible for him to move from place to place with ease. By having to sleep in the open, he gets far closer to the world of nature than most of us ever do. He may hunt, beg, or steal occasionally to keep himself alive; he may even in times of real need, do a little work; but he will never sacrifice his freedom We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as beggars, but how many of us can honestly say that we have not felt a little envious of their simple way of life and their freedom from care?

  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

  ●philosopher n. 哲学家

  ●wisdom n. 智慧

  ●priest n. 牧师

  ●spiritual adj. 精神上的

  ●grudge v. 不愿给,舍不得给

  ●surgeon n. 外科大夫

  ●passer-by (复数passers-by ) n. 过路人

  ●dignity n. 尊严

  ●deliberately adv. 故意地

  ●consequence n. 后果,结果

  ●afflict v. 使苦恼,折磨

  ●ease n. 容易

  ●nature n. 大自然

  ●contempt n. 蔑视

  ●envious adj. 嫉妒的


  1. philosopher n.哲学家

  构词: 词根phil (to love ,to like)+词根soph(wise,wisdom)


  philanthropist n. . phil(to love)+anthrop(people) +ist =慈善家,博爱的人

  bibliophile n. biblio (book)+phile(to love) =书籍爱好者,书痴,藏书家

  sophisticated adj. soph(wise)+ist+ic (adj.) 世故的,复杂的

  2. wisdom n.智慧 (wise adj.英明的, 明智的, 聪明的)

  -- He showed great wisdom in what he said and did . 他展示了非凡的智慧。

  -- He is a man of wisdom. = He is a wise man.

  cut one's wisdom teeth 开始懂事

  3 spiritual adj.精神上的(adj.非物质的, 精神的, 灵魂的)

  n spiritual life 精神生活,

  n spiritual need 精神上的需要

  n one’s spiritual home 精神上的归宿


  spirited adj.(常做定语)精神饱满的, 生机勃勃的, 勇敢的

  -- a spirited girl 一个勇敢的女孩

  -- low-spirited 沮丧的, high-spirited 兴奋的

  -- public-spirited 热心公益的, a spirited debate 热烈的辩论


  mental adj.心理的, 智力的

  -- mental labor 脑力劳动

  physical adj.身体的, 物质的, 自然的, 物理的

  -- physical labor 体力劳动

  spirituous adj.酒精的, 含酒精的(liquor n.酒类)

  -- spirituous liquor 烈性酒

  4 grudge v.不愿给, 舍不得给


  I do not grudge him anything.


  grudge doing sth.不愿意做……

  He grudges buying drinks for people who earn twice as much as he does.

  5 dignity n.尊严(高贵)


  human/personal/national dignity 人格尊严/个人尊严/民族尊严

  lose one's dignity 丢面子, 失去尊严

  -- If you are afraid of losing your dignity, you can’t expect to learn to speak a foreign language.

  -- Although she is very poor, she has not lost her dignity. 她虽然很穷, 但没有失去她的尊严。

  keep/stand on one's dignity 保持自已的尊严

  beneath one’s dignity (idm) 不合自己的身份,有失身份

  He will do nothing beneath his dignity.他决不做有失身份的事情。

  pocket one's dignity [口]放下架子

  with great dignity 仪态大方

  -- Ladies and gentlemen should always act with great dignity.



  dignify vt.使有尊严, 使高贵

  dignified adj.高贵的,有尊严的

  6 deliberately adv.故意地(深思熟虑的, 考虑周到的)

  I don’t mean to hurt your feeling deliberately.


  on purpose adv.故意

  -- He coughed on purpose to attract my attention.

  7 consequence n.后果, 结果


  as a consequence / in consequence 因此, 结果

  --We hadn’t enough money to pay our bus fare,and in consequence we had to walk .

  as a consequence of / in consequence of... 因为...的缘故, 由于

  --In consequence of your bad work I am forced to dismiss you.

  --As a consequence of his laziness, he was fired.

  take the consequences of… 承担…责任

  -- You have to take the consequences of the accidence.

  8 afflict v.使苦恼, 折磨

  be afflicted with… 受…的折磨

  -- He is afflicted with a disease (n.疾病, 病)

  affliction n.痛苦, 苦恼

  afflictive adj.带给人痛苦的, 苦恼的, 难受的

  9 ease n.容易 ,安逸,舒适


  with ease 熟练地, 轻而易举地

  --He passed the test with ease.

  be/feel at ease 安逸, 自由自在

  be/feel ill at ease 局促不安, 心神不宁

  put sb. at his ease 使某人宽心, 使某人感到无拘无束

  -- The manager put his shop assistants at their ease. (shop assistant n.店员)

  take one's ease 安心, 放心

  -- I take my ease to study English here.

  10 contempt n.蔑视


  in contempt of… 不顾…

  -- In contempt of his father’s objection he went aboard.(objection n.反对)

  hold/have sb. in contempt 鄙视某人 = look down upon sb

  -- I hold him in contempt because he has nothing to do every day.

  contemptible adj.可鄙的, 不齿的, 可轻视的

  -- He is a contemptible person.


  contemptuous adj.轻蔑的, 傲慢的, 轻视的

  despite n.轻视, 怨[憎]恨, 轻蔑, 侮辱

  scorn(n.轻蔑, 嘲笑)

  -- pour scorn on 不屑一顾, 嘲弄


  -- Glancing at her scornfully, he told her that the dress was sold.

  他轻蔑地看了她一眼, 告诉她说, 那件衣服卖出去了。

  11 envious adj.嫉妒的(羡慕的)

  -- be envious of sb for his success = be envious of sb's success


  jealous adj.妒忌的, 羡慕的, 吃醋的

  -- She is jealous of our success. 她嫉妒我们的成就。


  Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the words given.

  1..He gave us an ______ (impression )speech.

  2.She _____(device) a method for taking out dust easily.

  3.He was my adviser in ______ (spirit) matters.

  4.It was reported that a few _____ (passer-by) saw the accident.

  5.A man’s _____ (dignify) depends not on his weath but on his character.

  6.His illness is the ____ (consequent ) of overwork

  7.They stopped to admire the beauties of ______ (natural)



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