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新概念英语第三册-Lesson 28(词汇)高中

网络 | 2014-03-31

  Lesson 28 Five pounds too dear

  Small boats loaded with wares sped to the great liner as she was entering the harbour. Before she had anchored, the men from the boats had climbed on board and the decks were soon covered with colourful rugs from Persia, silks from India, copper coffee pots, and beautiful handmade silverware. It was difficult not to be tempted. Many of the tourists on board had begun bargaining with the tradesmen, but I decided not to buy anything until I had disembarked.

  I had no sooner got off the ship than I was assailed by a man who wanted to sell me a diamond ring. I had no intention of buying one, but I could not conceal the fact that I was impressed by the size of the diamonds. Some of them were as big as marbles. The man went to great lengths to prove that the diamonds were real. As we were walking past a shop, he held a diamond firmly against the window and made a deep impression in the glass. It took me over half an hour to get rid of him.

  The next man to approach me was selling expensive pens and watches. I examined one of the pens closely. It certainly looked genuine. At the base of the gold cap, the words 'made in the U.S.A.' had been neatly inscribed. The man said that the pen was worth £50, but as a special favour, he would let me have it for £30. I shook my head and held up five fingers indicating that I was willing to pay £5. Gesticulating wildly, the man acted as if he found my offer outrageous, but he eventually reduced the price to £10. Shrug-

  ging my shoulders, I began to walk away when, a moment later, he ran after me and thrust the pen into my hands. Though he kept throwing up his arms in despair, he readily accepted the £5 I gave him. I felt espe-

  cially pleased with my wonderful bargain----until I got back to the ship. No matter how hard I tried, it was impossible to fill this beautiful pen with ink and to this day it has never written a single word!

  【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

  ●wares n. 货物,商品

  ●anchor v. 停航下锚

  ●deck n. 甲板

  ●silverware n.银器

  ●tempt v. 吸引,引诱

  ●bargain v. 讨价还价

  ●disembark v. 下船上岸

  ●assail v. 纠缠

  ●marble n. 小玻璃球

  ●inscribe v. 刻写,雕

  ●favour n. 好处,优惠

  ●gesticulate v. (讲话时)打手势

  ●outrageous adj. 出人预料的;令人不悦的

  ●thrust v. 硬塞给


  1. wares n.货物, 商品


  ware n.器皿, 陶器, 物品(总称, 常用于复合词)

  -- silverware 银器 / ironware 铁器 / chinaware 陶器 / glassware 玻璃器皿

  -- software 软件 / hardware 五金器具, (电脑的)硬件

  -- a popular ware 热门货 / small wares 小百货

  goods n.商品, 货物(商店里出售的物品)

  -- half-done goods 半成品 / home made goods = native goods 国货

  -- leather goods 皮件 / frozen goods 冻结货物 / consumer goods 日用消费品

  commodity n.商品, 物品(总称, 正式的经济学术语)

  -- commodity price 商品价格, commodity economy 商品经济

  -- commodity market 商品市场, agricultural commodity 农产品

  2. anchor v.停航下锚

  We anchored our ship close to the shore.

  3. tempt v.吸引, 引诱


  tempt sb to do sth / into (doing) sth 吸引某人做某事


  temptation n.勾引, 诱惑, 引诱

  -- The temptation to steal is greater than ever before - especially in large shops.


  tempting adj.诱惑人的, 吸引人的 = (attractive adj.吸引人的, 有魅力的)

  4. bargain v.讨价还价

  bargain n.交易, 合同交易, 协议

  -- a good bargain 赚钱的生意

  make/strike a bargain 成交, 达成协议

  He made a bargain with his wife:“You cook and I’ll wash up.”.

  -- drive a hard bargain with sb 极力和某人讨价还价

  Father drove a hard bargain with the real estate agent when we bought our new house.

  -- bargain with sb about/over/for sth. 和某人就某事讨价还价

  -- bargain away 议价出售

  5. disembark v.下船上岸(= debark)

  embark v.上船, 上飞机

  -- He disembarked. 他下船上了岸。

  -- He decided to embark. 他决定上船。

  6. assail v.(书面文字)攻击,猛攻;(引申)纠缠,为……所困扰

  He was assailed with worries.

  The angry people assailed the policemen with stone and bottles.


  afflict vt.使痛苦, 折磨

  -- Tramps can keep free from the thousands of anxieties which afflict other people.

  7. inscribe v.刻写, 雕


  (be) inscribed with 写有,刻有,题着(某些字)

  --When he retired he was presented with a gold watch in which his name and the date of his service was inscribed.

  inscribe ……to 题献

  --He inscribed his first book to his teacher.

  8. favor n.好处, 优惠


  in favor of 赞成, 支持

  -- I am in favor of stopping work now. 我赞成现在停止工作。

  in sb.'s favor 得某人欢心, 对某人有利

  -- The situation, both at home and aboard, is in our favor.

  out of favor 失宠, 不利

  by favor of sb 请面交给某人(信封上用语)

  do sb a favor 给某人恩惠


  favorite adj.心爱的, 受宠的

  favorite n.受宠的人或物

  favorable adj.赞成的, 赞许的, 讨人喜欢的

  9. gesticulate v.(讲话时)打手势

  He was gesticulating wildly at me,but I could not understand what he was trying to tell me.


  gusture v./n 做表情达意的动作或者姿势

  --He gestured to me that it was time to go.

  sign v./n.同gusture,作为一般的手势(但多用做“信号”)

  --The dumb man made himself understood by signs.

  10. outrageous adj.出人预料的, 令人不悦的

  -- He played an outrageous joke.


  outrage n.暴行, 侮辱, 愤怒 vt.凌辱, 强奸, 虐待, 伤害, 迫害

  rage n.愤怒, 情绪激动, 狂暴, 精神错乱

  -- My father was in a rage last night. 我父亲昨天晚上十分生气。

  fly into a rage 勃然大怒

  11. thrust v.硬塞给


  thrust sth into… 塞进…

  -- He thrust the pen into my hand.

  thrust aside 推开

  -- He thrust the girl aside.

  thrust oneself forward

  -- He thrust himself forward in the crowd.

  thrust oneself in 强行闯入, 干涉, 探听(= thrust one's nose into)

  -- Don’t thrust yourself in private sth.

  thrust sth. on/upon sb. 强卖给某人

  -- Don’t thrust your idea on me. = Don’t exert your idea on me.

  thrust out 推出, 逐出, 解


  Fill in the blank with the words or phrases given.

  in despair get rid of lengths bound up with favour

  1.He went to great ___ to prevent his son from going abroad.

  2.I’ve tried all sorts of medicines to ____ this cold.

  3.As a special _____ ,I ‘ll let you stay up late tonight.

  4.When he heard the news, he went out ______.

  5.The future is closely _____ that of the companay.




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