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新概念英语第三册-Lesson 24(课文)高中

网络 | 2014-03-31
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  Lesson 24 A skeleton in the cupboard “家丑”

  We often read in novels how a seemingly respectable person or family has some terrible secret which has been concealed from strangers for years. The English language possesses a vivid saying to describe this sort of situation. The terrible secret is called 'a skeleton in the cupboard '. At some dramatic moment in the story the terrible secret becomes known and a reputation is ruined. The reader's hair stands on end when he reads in the final pages of the novel that the heroine, a dear old lady who had always been so kind to everybody, had, in her youth, poisoned every one of her five husbands.

  It is all very well for such things to occur in fiction. To varying degrees, we all have secrets which we do not want even our closest friends to learn, but few of us have skeletons in the cupboard. The only person I know who has a skeleton in the cupboard is George Carlton, and he is very proud of the fact. George studied medicine in his youth. Instead of becoming a doctor, however, he became a successful writer of detective stories. I once spent an uncomfortable weekend which I shall never forget at his house. George showed me to the guestroom which, he said, was rarely used. He told me to unpack my things and then come down to dinner. After I had stacked my shirts and underclothes in two empty drawers, I decided to hang one of the two suits I had brought with me in the cupboard. I opened the cupboard door and then stood in front of it petrified. A skeleton was dangling before my eyes. The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me. Dropping my suit, I dashed downstairs to tell George. This was worse than 'a terrible secret'; this was a real skeleton ! But George was unsympathetic. 'Oh, that,' he said with a smile as if he were talking about an old friend. 'That's Sebastian. You forget that I was a medical student once upon a time.

  Language points

  (Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

  1, We often read in novels how a seemingly respectable person or family has some terrible secret which has been concealed from strangers for years

  how引导宾语从句

  has some terrible secret

  which 引导的定语从句,修饰说明secret

  seemingly: 9=from appearence )从表面上看来,

  a seemingly respectable person:表面上受尊重的人

  2, At some dramatic moment in the story the terrible secret becomes known and a reputation is ruined.

  ruin 泛指概念,表示毁坏的过程不是一下完成的 (spoil )

  The rain ruined / spoiled our holiday.

  destroy: 把凭借某种外力来破坏和摧毁事物,完全摧毁

  The earthquake destroyed almost entired city.

  damage: 侧重强调把…弄坏,但是可以修复

  3, The reader's hair stands on end when he reads in the final pages of the novel that the heroine, a dear old lady who had always been so kind to everybody, had, in her youth, poisoned every one of her five husbands

  one's hair stands on end :某人感到毛骨悚然的

  I thought I was alone in my room until I heard the mysterious noice again, and my hair stands on .

  4, It is all very well for such things to occur in fiction

  occur: 某个事件出乎意料的发生(正式)

  happen:

  一个事件出乎意料发生

  take place: 事件根据安排“举行”

  Eg.: When did the accident happen / occur?

  It occured to me that / to do.

  It occured to me to open the window.

  When will the wedding take place

  5, To varying degrees, we all have secrets which we do not want even our closest friends to learn

  learn: 了解某个事实,学习某种知识、技能

  know: 知道某个事实,具有某方面的知识、技能,认识、了解某个人(状态动词,不能用于进行时态)

  I learned that I had passed the test.

  She knows about computers.

  She is learning about computers.

  instead of + doing----表示相反、没有、取而代之的是.......

  6, I opened the cupboard door and then stood in front of it petrified.

  stood in front of sth. petrified: 站在…前,目瞪口呆

  frightened: 在某个特定的场合下,受到惊吓

  terrified:表示惊吓的程度,更加强烈,感到恐怖

  afraid (of ): 表示一种状态,永久性的恐惧

  7, The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me.

  it gave me the impression that:给某人以印象

  make a lasting impression on sb: 给某人以不可磨灭的印象

  have a false impression of sb: 对某人有错误的看法

  give sb impression that: 给某人印象

  impress sb with sth 用…给某人留下印象.

  8, The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me.

  be about to do sth.: 即将,就要。暗示动作即将发生(多与when连用)

  I was about to go to bed when there was a knock at the door.

  Key structures

  定语从句(三)

  定语从句又分为限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句。

  限定性定语从句把它的先行词限定在特定的意义之内,对先行词起限定的作用、是先行词必不可少的修饰语,没有它,整个句子的意思就会受到影响、就不完整。

  非限定性定语从句不对先行词起限定的作用,不是先行词必不可少的修饰语,只对先行词起补充说明的作用,没有它,整个句子的意思不会受到影响、仍然完整。非限定性定语从句相当于一个分句,翻译时也是把它当作分句处理的。非限定性定语从句和它的先行词之间要用逗号隔开;而限定性定语从句和它的先行词之间不能用逗号隔开。非限定性定语从句中除了不用 that以外,其它关系词都可使用,使用方法与限定性定语从句一样

  例如:The supermarket which was opened two months ago is now closed down

  两个月前开的那家超市现在已经倒闭了。(限定)

  大家学得怎么样?我们来测试一下吧!(选择题每题5HY,翻译题每题15HY)

  Exercises

  Multiple choices

  1 In what respect does fact differ from fiction concerning the secrets that people keep to themselves?

  a. They are rarely so terrible as to ruin out reputations if revealed.

  b. People’s closest friends do not even suspect them of having them.

  c. People who have ‘skeletons in the cupboard’ are rarely found out.

  d. People who have skeletons in their cupboards are very proud of the fact

  2 Before opening the cupboard door, the writer had _____ .

  a. unpacked and gone down for dinner

  b. changed into some new clothes

  c. put his shirts and his underwear in a couple of drawers

  d. hung one of the two suits he had brought with him

  Translation

  3,She is a respectable young woman from a good famliy.

  4,他突然做了一个夸张的动作。

  5,学校毁于一场大火。

  以下句子翻译后请指明是限定还是非限定

  6,The book(which) you’re reading is mine .

  7,The supermarket, which was opened two months ago, is now closed down

  8,The book, which you’re reading, is mine

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