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新概念英语第三册-Lesson 21(词汇)高中

网络 | 2014-03-31
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  Lesson 21

  Daniel Mendoza

  Boxing matches were very popular in England two hundred years ago. In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for prize money. Because of this, they were known as ‘prizefighters’. However, boxing was very crude, for there were no rules and a prizefighter could be seriously injured or even killed during a match.

  One of the most colourful figures in boxing history was Daniel Mendoza, who was born in 1764. The use of gloves was not introduced until 1860, when the Marquis of Queensberry drew up the first set of rules. Though he was technically a prizefighter, Mendoza did much to change crude prizefighting into a sport, for he brought science to the game. In his day, Mendoza enjoyed tremendous popularity. He was adored by rich and poor alike.

  Mendoza rose to fame swiftly after a boxing match when he was only fourteen years old. This attracted the attention of Richard Humphries who was then the most eminent boxer in England. He offered to train Mendoza and his young pupil was quick to learn. In fact, Mendoza soon became so successful that Humphries turned against him. The two men quarreled bitterly and it was clear that the argument could only be settled by a fight. A match was held at Stilton, where both men fought for an hour. The public bet a great deal of money on Mendoza, but he was defeated. Mendoza met Humphries in the ring on a later occasion and he lost for a second time. It was not until his third match in 1790 that he finally beat Humphries and became Champion of England. Meanwhile, he founded a highly successful Academy and even Lord Byron became one of his pupils. He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as £100 for a single appearance. Despite this, he was so extravagant that he was always in debt. After he was defeated by a boxer called Gentleman Jackson, he was quickly forgotten. He was sent to prison for failing to pay his debts and died in poverty in 1836.

  词汇列表

  boxing 拳击

  boxer 拳击手

  bare 赤裸的

  prizefighter 职业拳击手

  crude 粗野的

  marquis 侯爵

  technically 技术上而言

  science 科学

  popularity 名望

  adore 爱戴

  alike 一样地

  fame 名声

  eminent 著名的

  bitterly 厉害地

  bet (bet, bet) 打赌

  academy 专业学校

  extravagant 浪费的(贬义)

  poverty 贫困

  重点词汇

  1. bare adj. have nothing on,uncovered

  词句

  with bare fists赤手空拳

  bare footed光脚

  The wall is bare of any kind of ornaments. 无任何装饰物

  The girl stood in the rain bare headed.

  头上没带帽

  近义表达

  ┌have nothing on没穿衣

  ├naked (忌)

  ├nude 裸体的

  ├undressed没穿衣

  └bare赤裸的(可某一部分)

  2. popularity n. state of being popular

  搭配

  enjoy /win/gain high popularity 享有/赢得盛誉

  Eg:

  The singer enjoys tremendous popularity.

  This actress enjoys enormous popularity.

  联想记忆->“成名”

  rise to fame 一举成名

  Eg:

  The young musician rose quickly to fame.

  have a good /bad/high reputation for 因……而享有好/恶名声

  Eg:

  He has a reputation for laziness.

  make one’s name /make a name for oneself 成名,出名

  Eg:

  He soon made a name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto.

  3. adore v. love +respect

  词句

  He was adored by rich and poor alike.

  adoring look爱戴的目光

  4. eminent adj.outstanding,famous (用语在某个领域从事严肃工作的人)

  词句

  an eminent doctor/scientist

  联想记忆

  distinguished 杰出的

  infamous/notorious 臭名昭著的,声名狼藉的

  5.bet v.打赌

  词句

  I bet it snows tomorrow.

  联想记忆

  ├You bet = You’re right.肯定的,没问题的

  ├bet on sth.打赌

  └make a bet on sth.打赌

  Eg: ——Are you going to the match?

  ——You bet (I am).

  6.extravagant adj.浪费,奢侈的

  词句

  You don’t need to buy roses; it’s extravagant

  联想记忆

  ┌wasteful浪费的

  ├excessive过分的

  ├unduly adv.过分地

  └extreme极端的

  7. in prosperity在富贵中

  联想记忆

  ├in poverty贫困中

  ├in health

  └in sickness

  练习

  1. Many young Americans believed at that time that the war had been fought ___ some noble cause.

  a. for b. to c. owing to

  2. Can you tell me where I can change these pounds _____ dollars ?

  a. for b. to c. into

  3. _______ his day ,Mendoza was so popular that he was adored by rich and poor alike.

  a. In b. During c. At

  4. Today ,thousands of people bet _______ horse races.

  a. for c. to c. on

  5. He was so ______ that within a few years he spent all the money that his father had left him.

  a. thrifty b. extravagant c. wasted

  6. Boxing used to be a ________ game which wasn’t bound by any rules.

  a. fury b. impolite c. crued

  7. He suffered a lot when he was young, but he enjoyed a(n) _______ position when he was old.

  a. steady b. eminent c. well-known

  8. The movie star was _______ by countless girls and boys.

  a. laughed b. adored c. disregarded

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