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高二英语教案:First aid

英语网 | 2014-04-04
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  教学目标

  Teaching aims

 

  通过本单元的教学,学生了解有关急救的常识,在生活中如何处理一些突发事件,然后实施紧急救护等总结,归纳情态动词的用法,如:should/shouldn’t; must/mustn’t ;ought to等表示义务和责任的用法。

  Teaching important and difficult points

  1.Words

  knee, still, bite (bit, bitten/bit), lay (laid, laid), mouth-to-mouth, bum, cut, electric, container pool, breathe, within, handkerchief, wound, safety, wire, guard, sideway, firm, firmly wherever, stomach, injure, injured, injury, poison, quantity, nearby

  2.Phrases

  first aid, ought to, medical care, by mistake, pay attention to, in a short while, deal with, take it easy, running water, out of one’s reach, throw up, hold up

  3. Useful expressions

  We must carry her to the side of the road.

  You mustn’t move someone if they are badly hurt.

  Parents should know some first aid.

  You shouldn’t get up if you are badly hurt.

  I ought to go home.

  I have to cook supper for my grandmother.

  4. Grammar

  Revise Modal Verbs : must, should

  Study Modal Verb: ought to

 

  教学建议

 

  课文建议

  教师安排中国学习联盟声朗读课文,理解课文含义,通过阅读,教师对学生可小组讨论,提问,口语练习,复述急救方法等,教师给学生展示几组图片,帮助学生学会一般的急救措施和家庭安全常识。

  写作建议

  教师布置学生写作的题目及要求,教师给学生几分钟时间进行讨论,教师给学生一些关键的词语,如:breathe, First Aid Centre, handkerchief, mouth-to mouth so on.之后,教师给学生十分钟左右时间开始写,最后教师请几位同学朗读,教师给予讲评。

  教材分析

  本单元是围绕First aid, Safety in the home,展开话题。对话课中描述两个学生在街上看到一个女孩从自行车上摔下来的经过,同时对话中使用了情态动词的用法,课文中附有图片和口语练习,帮助学生了解急救的重要性及有关的常识。

  重点难点:

  1. What should you do if a person has drunk poison by mistake? 假如有人误喝了毒药,你怎么办?

  by mistake是固定词组,意为“错误地”,“无心地(做错了事)”。例如:

  She put salt in her cup of coffee by mistake.她错将盐放入咖啡里了。

  2. do with,deal with

  二者都可以用来表示“处理”的意思

  但是用于特殊疑问句的时候do with与what连用;deal with则与how连用。例如:

  你会怎样处理一个从自行车上摔倒而严重受伤的?

  另外,do with还可表达别的意思。例如:

  What did you do with my umbrella? (=Where did you put my umbrella?)

  你把我的伞放到哪里去了?

  What are we to do with this naughty boy? (=How are we to deal with this naughty boy?) 我们该怎样处置这个顽皮的男孩?

  3. knock at, knock down & knock into的区别

  knock at 指“敲打门窗”

  I heard someone knocking at the door.我听见有人敲门。

  Tom tried knocking at the window.汤姆试着敲了敲窗户。

  knock down 指“……撞倒”

  He nearly knocked me down at the corner.在拐角处,他几乎把我撞倒。

  He was knocked down by a car.  他被汽车撞倒了。

  knock into 指“碰倒,撞上某人”,也可指“偶然碰见”。

  The child knocked into the teacher.那孩子撞到了老师身上。

  He knocked into the chair in the dark.黑暗中他撞在了椅子上。

  He didn't expect to knock into some of his friends here.他没有想到在这儿遇见一些朋友。

 

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