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初一上册英语教案(Unit 8 When is your birthday?)

英语网 | 2014-04-18
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  Unit 8 When is your birthday?

  一、单元教材分析

  本单元主要学习日期的表达方式。本单元主要围绕“谈论日期”这一话题开展听、说、读和写的学习活动,学习序数词的构成以及运用序数词表示日期的方法;学会运用 when 引导的特殊疑问句询问日期;通过学习能掌握英语表达年、月、日的单词和句型,能够熟练地谈论各种有关日期的话题。此外,还要学习名词所有格 ( 's 所有格 ) 的构成和使用;学习询问表达年龄的句型。能够询问及表达一些常见的节日的日期。

  本单元的主题是询问和谈论日期,围绕这一主题进行一系列的交际活动,使学生掌握日期的表达法,正确使用 when 引导的特殊疑问句对日期进行询问。在学习日期的表达法时要先学习序数词的构成,学生在以前的课程里已经学习了基数词,对于两种数词之间的区别一定会令学生感到头痛,教师要引导学生运用对比的方法,找出构成规律,总结特殊变化,对比强化记忆。

  三、单元教学建议

  采用自主学习、小组合作探究、 Classifying , Contrasting 和 Role—playing 的学习策略,利用教学图片、幻灯片、实物 ( 大挂历、日历 ) 或制作课件 ( 反映月份特征,课内外活动 ) 等来展开课堂教学、 Pairwork 问答式的口语交际活动或游戏等小组活动,进行 “询问和谈论日期” 的课堂教学和练习。本单元的教学法建议:语音教学——让学生进行模仿操练;词汇教学——采取情景介绍或演示对比的方式进行教学,让学生在情境中操练、理解含义.并学会运用;口语教学——采取 pairwork 问答式的口语交际活动或游戏等小组活动互相操练;听力教学——采取图文配对和对话选择的方式;写作教学——以填词、回答问题、写简单的短文为主;语法教学——总结规律、抓住特征、模仿操练。

  Section A (1a-2e)

  一、教学目标:

  1. 语言知识目标:

  1) 能掌握下列词汇:when, January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

  2) 能掌握以下句型:

  ① —When is your birthday? —My birthday is on October 2nd.

  ② —When is Alice's birthday? —It's in September.

  ③ —How old are you? —I'm thirteen.

  ④ —Happy birthday! —Thank you!

  3) 能够掌握日期的询问与表达方式;

  4) 能通过谈论自己、同学以及父母家人的生日,理解生日更多的含义。

  2. 情感态度价值观目标:

  该部分的学习内容贴近学生的生活,谈论的话题是生日。通过互相询问生日的日期,可以增进同学之间的了解和友情并学会在英语交流中注意他人的情感。

  二、教学重难点

  1. 教学重点:

  1) 询问表达他人、自己及父母家人的生日日期。

  2) 理解序数词的构成方法,掌握日期的表达方式。

  3)就生日聚会这一话题分角色表演对话。

  2. 教学难点:

  1) 询问表达他人、自己及父母家人的生日日期。

  2) 理解序数词的构成方法,掌握日期的表达方式。

  三、教学过程

  Ⅰ. Warming-up and revision

  1. Greet the Ss as usual. Check the homework.

  2. Review the numbers 0 ~ 31 in English.

  Ⅱ. Presentation

  (Sing the song "Happy birthday to you!". )

  1. T: When is my birthday? My birthday is on May 2nd. When is your birthday? This class, we'll learn how to express dates.

  (Show the pictures of the twelve months on the screen, or show a big calendar to the Ss. Learn the names of the twelve months: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December )

  2. Work on 1a. Play the recording for the Ss to listen and repeat the new words. Ss read the new words and try to remember them.

  (采用方法:教师先领读,然后男生读,女生读,链式读,给出汉语说英语,给出英语说汉语,最后跟读正音。紧凑的教学环节使学生能够全身心的投入学习中。)

  3. T: My birthday is in May. It's on May 2nd. When we talk about months, we use "in"; When we talk about dates, we use "on".

  e.g.

  in January/February/March/ April/May/June/July/August/September/October/

  November/December

  on January 1st. on February 2nd, on March 3rd …

  讲解:first (1st), second (2nd), third (3rd)这些叫序数词,表示事物的顺序,在表达日期时用序数词。序数词的构成是有规律的,它们是由基数词变化而来,我们先记住下列口诀:

  基变序,有规律,一、二、三特殊记,词尾字母t, d, d;

  -th 四加起,八少t来九去e; (从4起在词尾加th)

  ve变f替,y要变ie。若想表示几十几,只变个位就可以

  4. Ss read and try to remember the phrases.

  5. T: When is your birthday, S1?

  S1: My birthday is on March 4th.

  T: OK, S2. When is his birthday?

  S2: His birthday is on March 4th.

  6. Ss read the conversation after the teacher. Then practice the conversation with the partner.

  Ⅲ. Listening

  1. T: Listening to the conversations in 2b and number them [1-3].

  (Play the recording for the Ss to listen and number.)

  2. Check the answers.

  Ⅳ. Pair work

  1. T: Practice the conversations above with your partner.

  2. Make a survey about the birthdays in your group.

  S1: When is your birthday?

  S2: My birthday is January 5th. When is your birthday, S3?

  S3: My birthday is on May 16th. When is your birthday, S4?

  S4: …

  3. Write the birthdays on the chart.

 

  Name

Birthday

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Ⅴ. Listening

  Ⅵ. Listening

  1. T: In 2b, the teacher is asking some Ss about their birthdays. Listen to the recording and circle the numbers you hear in 2a.

  (Play the recording for the first time, Ss only listen. Play the recording again. This time, Ss listen and listen and circle the numbers in 2a)

  2. T: In this conversation, the teacher asks four students about their birthdays. Look at the chart below. They are Alice, Frank, Eric, Jane. Now please read the name, months and dates by yourselves.

  (Ss read the names, months and dates.)

  3. Now, listen to the recording again and match the names, months and dates.

  (Play the recording again, Ss listen and match the names, months and dates. Then check the answers.)

  Ⅶ. Pair work

  1. (Ask some Ss about the birthdays of the four students in 2c.

  T: When is Alice's birthday, S1?

  S1: Her birthday is on September 5th.

  T: When is Frank's birthday, S2?

  S2: His birthday is on …

  T: Now ask and answer about the birthdays of the four students in 2c with your partner.

  (Ss work in pairs to ask and answer about their birthdays.)

  2. Do you know your parents' birthday? Ask your partner about the birthday in his or her family?

  S1: When is your father's birthday?

  S2: His birthday is on September 10th.

  S1: When is your mother's birthday?

  S2: Her birthday is on August 20th.

  …

  (Then S2 ask S1 about the birthdays in his or her family.)

  Ⅷ. Role-play

  1. Bill and Alan are talking about their ages and birthdays. Now read the conversation and fill the chart below.

 

   Name

Age

Birthday (party)

Bill

 

 

Alan

 

at this afternoon

  2. Check the answers with the class.

  3. Practice the conversation with your partner.

  4. Let some pairs act out the conversation in front of the class.

  5. 评价:(让学生们对自己的表现及语言表达能力进行自我评价,在小组内评价,然后进行评出最优秀的小组。并鼓励学生们下一次争取做最优秀的小组及个人。)

  Homework:

  Section A (Grammar Focus-3c)

  一、教学目标:

  1. 语言知识目标:

  1) 揭示并让学生掌握序数词的构成方式,重点记忆部分特殊的序数词的书写。

  2)总结归纳when 引导的特殊疑问句对生日的询问和应答来学习日期的表达法。

  3) 能够询问或确认他人的年龄及生日日期。

  2. 情感态度价值观目标:

  通过互相询问生日的日期,可以增进同学之间的了解和友情并学会在英语交流中注意他人的情感。

  二、教学重难点

  1. 教学重点:

  1)揭示并让学生掌握序数词的构成方式,重点记忆部分特殊的序数词的书写。

  2)总结归纳when引导的特殊疑问句对生日的询问和应答来学习日期的表达法。

  2. 教学难点:

  揭示并让学生掌握序数词的构成方式,重点记忆部分特殊的序数词的书写。

  三、教学过程

  Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

  1. Greeting the Ss as usual. Check their homework.

  2. Let's review the cardinal numbers together. Count from first to thirty-first.

  3. Play a number game:

  T: Your partner says a ordinal number and you say a cardinal number. Then exchange roles.

  S1: eleven S2: eleventh; twenty

  S1: twentieth; thirteen S2: thirteenth; sixteen

  S1: sixteenth; …

  4. Ask your partner a question chain like this:

  T: How old are you?

  S1: I'm thirteen.

  T: When is your birthday?

  S1: My birthday is October 16th.

  T: When is your mother's birthday?

  S1: Her birthday is on June 3rd.

  T: When is your father's birthday?

  S1: His birthday is July 5th.

  Ss work with their partner ask and answer in a question chain.

  Ⅱ. Grammar Focus.

  1. 阅读指导: 名词所有格的构成规则:

  ① 单数名词和不以-s结尾的复数名词,在词尾加“’s”。如:

  Mike’s pen 迈克的钢笔 Children’s Day 儿童节 men’s room 男士洗手间

  ② 以s或es结尾的复数名词,在词尾加“’”。如:

  the teachers’ reading room 教室阅览室

  ③ 表示几者共同拥有时,只须在最后一个名词后加“’s”;若表示各自所有,则必须在各个名词后加“’s”。如:This is Tom and Lucy’s room. 这是汤姆和露西共有的房间。

  These are Tom’s and Lucy’s rooms. 这些是汤姆和露西各自的房间。

  ④ 表示无生命事物的名词所有格需要借助介词of来表示。如:

  a photo of my family 我家的全家福 the windows of the house 房子的窗户

  2. 根据汉语提示完成下列句子:

  ① 你的生日是什么时候?_____ ____ your birthday?

  ② 我的生日是8月2日。My birthday is _____ _____ ______.

  ③ 他的生日是什么时候 _____ _____ his ________?

  ④ 他的生日是在1月17日。His _________is _____ ___________ 17th.

  ⑤ 她的生日是在什么时候?When is ____ _______?

  ⑥ 是在八月份。 ______ ______ August.

  ⑦ 爱丽丝的生日是什么时候? When is ________ _______?

  ⑧ 她的生日在九月五日。 ____ birthday is ____ ____________ 5th.

  ⑨ 你爸爸的生日是什么时候?When _____ _______ _________ birthday?

  ⑩ 他的生日是在四月21日。 _______ ______ is _______ ________ 21st.

  3. 记忆指导:

 

序数词:表示事物顺序的词,其前常加定冠词the

数字

序数词变化规则

例词

123

 特殊记

One first 第一 two  second 第二;Three third 第三

 

 

419 

 

基数词词尾加-th

特殊:fivefifth第五; eight  eighth 第八; nineninth  第九twelve  twelfth 第十二

一般:fourfourth 第四  sixsixth第六 sevenseventh第七  nineteen  nineteenth 第十九

20, 3040, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 

 

-ty变为-tie再加th

twenty  twentieth 第二十 thirty  thirtieth 第三十

forty fortieth  第四十 fifty  fiftieth 第五十

sixty  sixtieth 第六十 seventy  seventieth 第七十

eighty  eightieth 第八十ninety  ninetieth 第九十

 

其余两位数

将相应基数词的个位改为基数词

twenty-one  twenty-first 第二十一;thirty-nine  thirty-ninth第三十九;forty-six → forty-sixth 第四十六

  4. 读序数词表,然后写出下列基数词的序数词。

  one ______ two ________ three _________ five ________ eight _______ nine __________ twelve _______ fifteen _______ eighteen ________ twenty __________ twenty-one _______________ twenty-two ______________

  5. Check the answers.

  Ⅲ. Practice

  1. Now let's work on 3a. Read the questions and answers then match the questions and answers.

  指导:应明确问题是一般疑问句还是特殊疑问句。还要根据问句中物主代词或名词所有格的人称及数来确定答语。比如:第一个问题中名词所有格是Jenny's,而Jenny是女性,可知答语中应用Her birthday来回答,故应选b项。

  2. Ss read the questions and answers. Find the answers to the questions. Then check the answers with the class.

  3. Ss work with his or her partner. Ask and answer the questions.

  Ⅴ. Practice

  1. T: Grace and her friends are talking about their ages and birthdays. Read the conversation and fill in the blanks.

  2. Ss read and complete the conversation.

  3. Check the answers with the class.

  4. Practice the conversation with your partner.

  5. Ask some pairs act out the conversation.

  Ⅵ. Survey

  1. T: Do you know your classmates' ages and birthdays. Now let's make a survey of everyone's ages and birthdays. Then line up from the youngest to the oldest.

  2. Ss ask and answer about each other's age and birthdays.

  —How old are you? —I'm …

  —When is your birthday?  —My birthday is on…

  3. Make a report.

  … students' birthdays are in January. … students' birthdays are in February. … students' birthdays are in March…

  4. Then line up all the students from the youngest to the oldest.

  Homework

  1. Review the Grammar Focus.

  2. 制作个人档:

 

First Name

 

Last Name

 

Birthday

 

Age

 

Telephone number

 

Favourite Food

 

Favourite Color

 

Favourite Numbers

 

Mother's birthday

 

Father's birthday

 

  Section B 1a-2c

  一、教学目标:

  1. 语言知识目标:

  1) 掌握下列词汇: test, trip, art, festival, dear, thing, term, month, busy, time, there, Have a good time!

  2) 掌握一些常见的学校活动的表达方式,并能熟练询问其日期。

  3) 能听懂有关学校组织活动话题的听力材料,并能获得相关信息。

  4) 能阅读有关学校组织活动内容的短文,并能获得相关信息。

  2. 情感态度价值观目标:

  本课时的学习内容为安排课内外的一些组织活动,非常贴近学生的学习生活。通过互相询问课内外活动的安排日程,不仅可以增进同学之间的了解和友情,而且还能学会合理地安排自己的作息时间,养成有规律地生活、学习的好习惯。

  二、教学重难点

  1. 教学重点:

  1) 学习并掌握常见的课内外组织活动,并能询问其日期。

  2) 就课内外学生们的组织活动的话题内容,展开听、说、读的的训练。

  2. 教学难点:

  能阅读有关学校组织活动内容的短文,并能获得相关信息,提高学生们的阅读能力。

  三、教学过程

  Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

  1. Greet the Ss as usual and check the homework.

  2. Review the cardinal numbers together. Count from first to thirty-first.

  3. Play a date game:

  T: Your partner says a date in Chinese, you say the date in English quickly. e.g.

  S1: 11月7日 S2:November eleventh; 12月9日

  S1: December ninth; 8月30日; S2: August thirtieth; 10月3日

  S1: October, third

  4. Report some of your family members' birthdays.

  S1: My birthday is on January 10th. My father's birthday is on July 23rd. My mother's birthday is on June 7th. My grandfather's birthday is on…

  Ⅱ. Presentation

  1. (Show some school activities on the screen. Teach Ss the school activities)

  basketball game, soccer game, volleyball game, English test, school trip, School Day, English Day, Sports Day, book sale, art festival, party

  2. Ss read and try to remember the activities.

  3. Look at the activities 1a. Then look at the pictures below. Match the pictures with the events.

  4. Ss work on 1a. Then check the answers.

  Ⅲ. Listening

  1. John and Sally are talking about his calendar. Listen to the recording and circle the events you hear in 1a.

  (Play the recording for the first time, Ss only listen. Play the recording again. Ss listen and circle the events they hear in 1a.)

  2. Check the answers. Let some Ss read the answers.

  3. This time let's listen and fill in John's calendar. Write the proper activity in the right date chart.

  (Ss listen and write the proper activity in the right date chart.)

  4. Play the recording again for the Ss listen and check the answers.

  Ⅳ. Pair work

  1. Look at the John's calendar. Ask and answer questions about it with your partner.

  S1: When is Sally's birthday party?

  S2: It's on October 5th.

  S1: When is the basketball game?

  S2: It's October 2nd.

  S1: When is …

  S2: …

  2. Then exchange roles. S2 ask S1 about John's calendar again.

  Ⅴ. Pair work

  1. Look at the activities in 2a. First, let some Ss read aloud. Make sure they know the meaning of every activity.

  2. Suppose you are a new student here. Ask your partner about these activities likes this?

  S1: Do we have a soccer game?

  S2: Yes, we do.

  S1: When is the soccer game?

  S2: It's on October 11th. / I don't know.

  S1: Do we have a school trip?

  S2: No, we don't.

  …

  2. Check (√) the activities you have at your school and write down the dates behind the activities.

  3. Then it's your partner's turn to ask you questions. (You must answer the questions according to your partner's answers.)

  S2: Do we have a soccer game?

  S1: Yes, we do.

  S2: When is it?

  S1: It's on October 11th.

  S2: Do we have a school trip?

  S1: No, we don't.

  Ⅵ. Reading

  1. Scanning

  T: Look at 2b. This is a school notice of our school. It tells you about the main events in this term.

  Now scanning the notice and find the answer to this question:

  Is this a busy term?

  (Ss read the notice and find the answer to the questions. Let some Ss say their answers to this question.)

  2. Careful reading

  T: Read the notice carefully and find the activities they have this term. Then list the activities and the dates.

  3. 阅读指导:

  该文是按时间顺序,列举了学校一学期的大事活动安排。读短文前浏览表格,由Dates和Activities两词可知,该文的任务是找出活动及举行日期。然后,带着任务快速阅读短文,用下划线画出活动时间,再圈出此活动。如该句 “Next month, we have an art festival. It’s on November 3rd.”在November 3rd这天,举行的活动是art festival。最后,按时间的先后顺序,将日期与活动一一列出。

  4. Ss read the notice and list the dates and activities in the chart.

  5. Check the answers with the class.

  Ⅶ. Discussing

  1. T: Well, S1, do you like school trip?

  S1: Yes, I do.

  T: Do you like soccer game?

  S1: No, I don't.

  T: What other activities in 2b do you like?

  S1: Well, I like School Day and art festival.

  2. OK. Now discuss the questions with your partner.

  1) What activities from 2b do you like?

  2) What other activities do you like?

  Write down your likes and dislikes on your workbook. I'll let you report it to the class.

  You can report like this:

  I like… I don't like…

  3. Ss discuss with his or her partner and write down their likes and dislikes. Then try to make a report.

  4. Let some Ss report their result to the class. e.g.

  I like soccer game, school trip, book sale. And I like English day, Sports Day, too.

  I don't like party, volleyball game.

  Homework

  Section B 3a-Self Check

  一、教学目标:

  1. 语言知识目标:

  1) 复习序数词的构成规则,并能运用序数词来正确表达日期。

  2)了解一些常见节日的日期,并能熟练地询问及回答一些常见节日的日期。

  3)练习写作便条,邀请朋友参加自己(学校)的某项活动。

  2. 情感态度价值观目标:

  二、教学重难点

  1. 教学重点:

  1)了解一些常见节日的日期,并能熟练地询问及回答一些常见节日的日期。

  2)练习写作便条,邀请朋友参加自己(学校)的某项活动。

  2. 教学难点:

  通过不同形式的写作训练来练习写作便条,指导学生能熟练地写作便条来邀请朋友参加自己(学校)的某项活动。

  三、教学过程

  Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

  1. Greet the Ss as usual. Check the homework.

  2. Review the school activities. Let some Ss say all the school activities they know.

  S1: basketball game, volleyball game, soccer game, tennis game, school trip, art festival…

  S2: School Day, Sports Day, English Day, book sale, English test, party…

  3. Then let some Ss report what activities they like and dislike.

  (Tell Ss to use the sentence structure: I like …, but I don't like…)

  S1: I like basketball game, volleyball game and soccer game, but I don't like English Day, book sale, English test or party.

  S2: I like tennis game, school trip and art festival, but I don't like Sports Day, English Day or book sale.

  4. Ask and answer about the activities in your school like this?

  S1: Do you have a soccer game?

  S2: Yes, we do.

  S1: When is it?

  S2: It's on October 28th.

  Ss ask and answer about the activities in pairs.

  Ⅱ. Writing

  1. Guo Pen gives Alan a note, but some of the words are missing. Can you guess what words they are.

  Read the note carefully and complete the note with the words in the box. First let's read the words in the box and make you know the meaning of every word.

  2. Let some Ss read the words in the box. Then let other Ss say the meaning of the words.

  3. 阅读指导:

  ① 应先通读全文,明白便条的大意。

  ② 分析句子结构及句意来确定空格处的所缺单词的词性及词义。

  ③ 选择恰当的词填空,并再读全文一遍,看是否通畅。

  如:分析第一句话的句子结构可知,空格处应为一动词,句意为“你……体育运动吗?”,再结合选项,可知应选like,整句话的意思为“你喜欢体育运动吗?”。其他选项与此分析相似。

  4. Ss read and fill in the note. Then check the answers.

  5. Let Ss try to remember the note and retell it to the class.

  Ⅲ. Writing

  1. T: Our school has an English party next week. It's on November 12th. Can you write your friend to our school English party? First answer my questions to help you.

  ① What is your friend's name?

  S1: My friend's name is Xiao Fang.

  ② What does she like to do?

  S1: She likes English.

  ③ What activity do you have in your school?

  S1: We have an English party.

  ④ When is the party?

  S1: It's on November 12th.

  2. T: Well, write a note with the help of the answers above.

  S1: OK.

  Dear Xiao Fang,

  Do you like English? Please come to our school next week. We have an English party. It's on November 12th. See you there!

  Da Ming.

  3. T: Very good. Now, please answer the questions in the chart first. Then with the help of the answers, write your own note to a friend. Invite him/her to an activity in your school.

  (Ss write a note by themselves. Then exchange their notes with their partners. Check each other's notes.)

  4. Let some Ss read their notes to the class.

  Ⅳ. Self Check 1

  1. T: Now let's review the cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers. First, let's recite them. Your partner recites the ordinal numbers, you recite the cardinal numbers. Then you recite the ordinal numbers, your partner recites the cardinal numbers. (Ss do as the teacher asks.)

  2. T: Now look at Self check 1. Complete the chart with the correct forms of the numbers.

  3. Check the answers with the class.

  Ⅴ. Self Check 2

  1. (Show some pictures of holidays on the screen.)

  T: We have many holidays in China. For example:

  Picture 1: Children's Day

  Ss: 儿童节

  T: Picture 2: National Day

  Ss: 国庆节

  (Show other pictures, let Ss know Women's Day, New Year's Day, Labors' Day, Teachers' Day…)

  2. Ask the dates about the holidays.

  T: When is Children's Day?

  S1: It's on June 1st.

  T: When is National Day?

  S2: It's on October 1st.

  …

  T: Now let's look at Self check 2. Write the dates for these holidays in China.

  3. Check the answers with the Ss.

  Ⅵ. Survey

  T: What other holidays in China or in other foreign countries you know. First, list the holidays you know. Then ask and answer the dates about them with your partner.

  S1:the Spring Festival 春节(农历正月初一)

  the Lantern Festival 元宵节(农历正月十五)

  Army Day 建军节(8月1日)

  the Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节(农历八月十五)

  S2: St. Valentine’s Day 情人节(2月14日)

  April Fool’s Day 愚人节(4月1日)

  Mother’s Day 母亲节(5月份的第2个星期天)

  Father’s Day 父亲节(6月份的第3个星期天)

  Christmas Day 圣诞节(12月25日)

  Then ask and answer about the dates of them:

  S1: When is Arm Day?

  S2: It's on August 1st. When is Christmas Day?

  S1: It's on December 25th.

  …

  Homework

  1. Review the note in 3a and 3b.

  2. Write the holidays and the dates of the holidays you know.

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