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初一英语上册教案(Unit 6 Do you like bananas?)

本站原创 | 2014-04-18
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  一、单元教材分析

  本单元的核心项目是“喜欢和不喜欢(like and dislike)”。围绕着这一中心项目,课文中设计了各种食物及水果的插图和不同形式的表格,让学生进行听、说、读、写等各种学习活动。通过本单元的教学,使学生学会询问对方与了解别人喜欢与不喜欢的食物,学会谈论自己与他人早、中、晚餐喜爱吃的食物,为其今后能在交际中恰当地表达自己的情感、灵活运用已经学过的常用功能项目、进一步学习并掌握新的语言功能奠定坚实的基础。本单元的重点内容仍然是行为动词在一般现在时句子中的使用,应该是上一个单元内容的延伸,通过本单元的教学,学生应初步掌握行为动词一般现在时的肯定句、否定句、特殊疑问句、一般疑问句的构成以及简单的回答。

  二、单元学情分析

  本单元的主题是使用动词like询问对方对食物的喜好;谈论自己与他人喜欢吃的食物,学习并掌握行为动词的一般现在时的使用。通过前一单元的学习,学生已经初步了解了行为动词一般现在时的构成及其使用,再通过本单元学生比较感兴趣的话题的操练,一定会使学生有更深刻的印象;同时教师要善于总结、比较以帮助学生了解构成规律,正确把握所学内容。

  三、单元教学建议

  采用自主学习、小组合作探究、Different opinions和Classifying的学习策略,利用实物、教学图片等来展开课堂pairwork问答式或groupwork讨论式的口语交际活动,使用like询问对方对食物的喜好和谈论自己、他人喜欢吃的食物。本单元的教学法建议:语音教学——让学生进行模仿操练;词汇教学——采取演示讲解的方式进行教学,让学生进行情景操练、反复使用;口语教学——采取pairwork问答式和groupwork讨论式的口语交际活动互相操练练习;阅读教学——让学生学会抓住主要词汇和句型;听力教学——采取图文配对和对话选择的方式;写作教学——以填空、造句为主;语法教学——比较不同、总结规律、模仿操练。

  Section A (1a-2d)

  一、教学目标:

  1. 语言知识目标:

  1) 能掌握下列词汇:banana, hamburger, tomato, ice-cream, salad, strawberry, pear, milk, bread, birthday, dinner, food, week, sure, How about …?, burger, vegetable, fruit, right, then

  2) 能掌握以下句型:

  ① — Do you like salad? — Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

  ② — Does she/he like …? — Yes, she/he does./ No, she/he doesn’t.

  ③ — I like … /I don’t like …

  ④ — He/She likes … / He/She doesn’t like …

  3) 能通过介绍食物学会询问对方喜欢与不喜欢的食物。

  2. 情感态度价值观目标:

  该部分学习内容贴近学生的生活,谈论的主题涉及学生的饮食习惯和偏爱,对学生养成健康的饮食习惯很有帮助,能引起学生的特别关注,极易于激发学生学习英语的欲望和兴趣,使他们乐于参与各种英语实践活动。通过学习西方食品文化,促使学生了解西方生活方式与文化,培养跨文化交际的意识。

  二、教学重难点

  1. 教学重点:

  1) 学习并积累一些食物的词汇。

  2) 名词复数的使用。

  3)动词like一般现在时的各种句式及一般疑问句的肯定、否定回答;

  2. 教学难点:

  1) 行为动词like的一般现在时的用法;

  2) 使用do和does引导的一般疑问句的构成和使用。

  三、教学过程

  Ⅰ. Warming-up and revision

  1. Greeting the Ss. Check the homework.

  2. Ask some Ss questions:

  T: Do you have volleyball?

  S1: Yes, I do.

  T: Do you like volleyball?

  S1: (Help S1 answer) Yes, I do.

  3. We have learned about sports equipment. Now let’s have a revision about sports equipment.

  S2: basketball, soccer ball, tennis ball, baseball …

  Then let some other Ss add other words.

  S3: baseball bat, ping-pong bat …

  Ⅱ. Presentation

  1. (Show a banana on the screen.)

  T: What’s this?

  Ss: It’s a banana.

  T: Do you like bananas?

  Ss: Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

  (Show other pictures of food on the screen and learn the new words.)

  (banana, hamburger, tomato, ice-cream, salad, strawberry, pear, milk, bread, birthday, food, burger, vegetable, fruit)

  2. Let Ss read and try to remember the new words.

  3. T: Let’s look at the picture in 1a. Match the words with the things in the picture. Then check the answers.

  Ⅲ. Listening

  T: Let’s work on 1b. Listen and number the conversations [1-3].

  Ss listen to the tape and number the conversations.

  Ⅳ. Pair work

  1. Read the conversations in 1b. Have Ss read after the teacher.

  2. Now let’s act out the conversations 1-3.

  (Ss work with their partner and act out the conversation 1-3.)

  3. Look at the picture and make more conversations using the words in 1a.

  4. Let some pairs act out their conversations.

  Ⅴ. Listening

  1. Point to and read each word aloud, Ss only listen. Then let some Ss read the words by themselves. Check that Ss understand the meaning of the each word.

  2. Play the recording for the first time, Ss only listen.

  3. Then play the recording again Ss circle the words they hear. Play the recording again. Check the answers.

  4. A girl and a boy want to have something in the restaurant. Do they like hamburgers? Does the boy like milk? Does the boy like ice-cream? Now let’s listen to the recording.

  For the first time, Ss only listen.

  For the second time, Ss listen and fill in the blanks.

  Play the recording for the third time, Check the answers.

  Ⅵ. Pair work

  1. Read the conversation in speech bubbles in 2b. Ask Ss to read after the teacher.

  2. Ss practice the conversations in pairs.

  3. Let some pairs act out the conversations.

  4. Ss give answers that are true for them. Then practice their conversations.

  5. Ask some pairs act out their conversations.

  Ⅶ. Role-play

  1. Read the dialogue with your partner. Then fill in the blanks below.

  ① It’s _______ birthday dinner next week.

  ② For food, John likes ___________.

  ③ For vegetables, John likes __________.

  ④ For fruit, John likes ________.

  2. Ss read the conversation and fill in the blanks.

  3. Practice the conversation with your partner.

  4. Let some pairs role-play the conversation in front of the class.

  5. 评价:(让学生们对自己的表现及语言表达能力进行自我评价,在小组内评价,然后进行评出最优秀的小组。并鼓励学生们下一次争取做最优秀的小组及个人。)

  Homework:

  1. Review the words we learn today.

  2. Fill in the chart after class.

 

Fruit

Food

Vegetable

 

 

 

  Section A (Grammar Focus-3c)

  一、教学目标:

  1. 语言知识目标:

  1) 继续学习描述自己或他人喜欢或不喜欢的食物,能够用but来表达简单的句子。

  2)总结动词like一般现在时的肯定句式、否定句式及一般疑问句的肯定、否定回答。

  3) 总结复习可数名词复数的知识。

  4)理解英语可数名词与不可数名词的概念,并对所学过的部分词汇按此分类进行归纳总结。

  2. 情感态度价值观目标:

  通过任务型活动,使学生学会在实际生活中均衡饮食,合理配餐;通过开展小组活动,指导学生积极与他人合作,培养他们的合作精神。

  二、教学重难点

  1. 教学重点:

  1)总结动词like一般现在时的肯定句式、否定句式及一般疑问句的肯定、否定回答。

  2)理解英语可数名词与不可数名词的概念,并对所学过的部分词汇按此分类进行归纳总结。

  2. 教学难点:

  理解英语可数名词与不可数名词的概念,并对所学过的部分词汇按此分类进行归纳总结。

  三、教学过程

  Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

  1. Greeting the Ss. Check the homework.

  2. Review the new words about food, fruit and vegetables. (Ss may look at the picture in 1a).

  3. Ask and answer.

  (Ss work in groups. Ask and answer about the questions according to the picture in 1a.)

  S1: Do you like bananas?

  S2: Yes, I do.

  S3: Does he like bananas?

  S4: Yes, he does.

  S1: Do you like ice-cream?

  S2: No, I don’t.

  S3: Does he like ice-cream?

  S4: No, he doesn’t.

  (Exchanging the roles ask and answer questions.)

  Ⅱ. Grammar Focus

  (此部分指导内容通过多媒体辅助教学以提高学习效率)

  一、单元句式结构阅读指导:

  1. 行为动词like的各种句式的构成

  肯定句:

  ① 第一人称/第二人称/第三人称复数 + like + 其他

  ② 第三人称单数及其他单数名词 + likes + 其他

  否定句:

  ① 第一人称/第二人称/第三人称复数 + don’t + like + 其他

  ② 第三人称单数及其他单数名词 + don’t + likes + 其他

  一般疑问句:

  ① Do + 第一人称/第二人称/第三人称复数 + like +其他?

  回答:Yes, I/we/you/they do. No, I/we/you/they don’t.

  ② Does + 第三人称单数及其他单数名词 + like + 其他?

  回答:Yes, he/she/it does. No, he/she/it doesn’t.

  2. Read the sentences in Grammar Focus and complete the sentences below.

  ① 你喜欢色拉吗?____ you_____ salad?

  ② 是的。___, I ____. 不,不喜欢。_____, I ______.

  ③ 他们喜欢梨吗? ____ _____ like pears?

  ④ 是的。____, they ____. 不喜欢。___, they ___.

  ⑤ 她喜欢西红柿吗? ____ she _____ a tennis?

  ⑥ 是的。___, she ____. 不喜欢。___, she ______.

  ⑦ 我们喜欢米饭。我们不喜欢汉堡。

  We _____ _____. We _____ ______ hamburgers?

  ⑧ 她喜欢冰淇淋。她不喜欢蔬菜。

  She ____ ________. She ____ ______ vegetables.

  3. Check the answers with the class.

  二、可数名词与不可数名词学习指导:

  1. 可数名词与不可数名词的含义与特点

 

 

定义

特点

不可数名词

指不可以直接计数的名词,它只有单数形式。

不可以与aan或数词连用,要表示数量的多少时,其前可以加some, any或表数量的词语。如:

some bread 一些面包

cup of milk 一杯牛奶

可数名词

指可以用来计数的名词,它有单数和复数两种形式。

可以用aan或具体的数词修饰。如:

tomato 一个西红柿

an egg 一个鸡蛋

two pears 两个梨

既是可数名词又是不可数名词

有些词,既可用作可数名词,也可以用不可数名词,但意义却不同:如:

        可数名词          不可数名词

orange    橙子                橙汁

chicken   小鸡                鸡肉

food      各种食物            食物

glass      玻璃杯;眼镜        玻璃

  2. 可数名词复数的构成

 

 

构成方式

例词

 

 

 

 

规则变化

一般的直接加-s  

book  books

cat  cats 

s. x. sh. ch结尾的加-es

bus  buses   box  boxes 

brush  brushes (刷子)  

watch  watches 

辅音字母+y”结尾,变yi, 再加-es

family  families  

strawberry  strawberries 

“ffe”结尾,变ffev, 再加-es

knife  knives 小刀

leaf  leaves  (树叶)

以字母“o”结尾的有生命词,加-es;以字母“o”结尾的无生命词,加-s

tomato  tomatoes 

photo  photos 

  Ⅲ. Practice

  1. Let’s work on 3a. Here are some sentences. Please underline the correct words in the brackets.

  2. Ss read the sentences and underline the correct words. They can discuss with their partners.

  3. Check the answers and let some Ss say the grammar rules.

  (根据句子主语的人称和数来确定谓语动词或助动词的数)

  Ⅴ. Practice

  1. Look at the sentences in 3b. Number the sentences [1-4] to make a conversation.

  2. Check the answers and let Ss practice the conversation.

  Ⅵ. Survey

  1. T: Our likes and dislikes of food are different. Some Ss like these food and other Ss like other food. Let’s make a survey of our likes and dislikes about food.

  First, look at the chart below and write down the names of the food.

  Second, ask your classmates about the food in the chart. e.g.

  You: Do you like ice-cream, Liu Li?

  Liu Li: Yes, I do.

  You: What about rice?

  Liu Li: No, I don’t.

  …

  You: Do you like ice-cream, Zhao Jun?

  Zhao Jun: No, I don’t.

  Zhao Jun: What about rice?

  Zhao Jun: Yes. I like rice.

  2. Fill in the chart with the names of your classmates.

  3. Report the result of your survey likes this:

  Liu Li likes ice-cream, but she doesn’t like rice. Zhao Jun doesn’t like ice-cream but he likes rice. …

  Homework

  1. Review the Grammar Focus.

  2. Write the report of your survey result on your workbook.

  Section B 1a-2c

  一、教学目标:

  1. 语言知识目标:

  1) 继续学习有关膳食名词:breakfast,lunch,dinner,egg,apple,chicken,fruit,vegetables;并能按食品、水果和蔬菜进行分类总结。

  2)理解可数名词与不可数名词的概念,并能对所学的词汇进行分辨。

  3)就食物的话题开展听、说、读、写技能的训练,促进学生语言运用能力的提高。

  2. 情感态度价值观目标:

  该部分学习内容涉及学生的饮食习惯和偏爱,对培养学生健康的饮食习惯有很强的指导性,能引起学生的特别关注;同时通过互相询问和谈论,培养对家人和同学、朋友的关怀和友爱之情。

  二、教学重难点

  1. 教学重点:

  1)继续学习运用有关食物的词汇并能按食品、水果和蔬菜进行分类总结。

  2)就食物的话题开展听、说、读、写技能的训练,促进学生语言运用能力的提高。

  2. 教学难点:

  阅读有关饮食方面的材料,并能获得相关信息,提高综合运用英语的能力。

  三、教学过程

  Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

  1. Greet the Ss. Then check the homework. (Let some Ss report their survey result)

  2. Review the words on food. And list them into countable nouns, uncountable nouns, countable and uncountable nouns.

  Countable nouns: hamburgers, eggs, oranges, bananas, apples, pear, carrots, vegetables, strawberries

  Uncountable nouns: milk, bread, rice

  Uncountable and countable nouns: food, fruit, ice-cream, salad, chicken

  3. Ss read and try to remember the new words.

  4. Review the plural forms of countable nouns.

  (让学生说出规则及例词)

 

 

构成方式

例词

 

 

 

 

规则变化

一般的直接加-s  

book  books

cat  cats 

s. x. sh. ch结尾的加-es

bus  buses   box  boxes 

brush  brushes (刷子)  

watch  watches 

辅音字母 + y”结尾,变yi, 再加-es

family  families  

strawberry  strawberries 

“ffe”结尾,变ffev, 再加-es

knife  knives 小刀

leaf  leaves  (树叶)

以字母“o”结尾的有生命词,加-es;以字母“o”结尾的无生命词,加-s

tomato  tomatoes 

photo  photos 

  Ⅱ. Presentation

  1. T: How many meals do you have every day?

  Ss: Three.

  T: What are they? (The students can answer them in Chinese.)

  Ss: They are “早餐、中餐和晚餐”.

  T: Oh, yes. In English “早餐”we can say “breakfast”.

  (Show a picture of the breakfast)

  Read after me, “breakfast”.

  B-R-E-A-K-F-A-S-T, breakfast.

  Ss: B-R-E-A-K-F-A-S-T, breakfast.

  T: Do you have your breakfast every day?

  S1: No, sometimes I get up late. I have no time to eat.

  T: I think it’s not good for your health.

  (Teach the other two words lunch, dinner in the same way.)

  2. Ss read and try to remember the new words.

  Ⅲ. Writing

  1. T: Look at 1a, read the words in the box, then write the number in the box next to the correct food.

  (The students finish off 1a.)

  T: Look at 1b. How many other food words can you add to the chart?

  Try to write them down in the chart.

 

Fruits:

 

Vegetables:

 

  Ⅳ. Listening

  (Play the recording the first time. Students listen to the conversation and write in the answers on their charts. Play the recording the second time and then the students can check their answers to be sure they are correct.)

  Ⅴ. Pair work

  1. T: Does Tom like tomatoes?

  Ss: Yes, he does.

  T: Ask and answer about the chart in pairs.

  2. Let some Ss act out their conversation.

  Ⅵ. Discussing

  1. T: There is much food around us. Some food is healthy, but others are not so healthy.

  I think fruit like apples, bananas, strawberries, oranges are very healthy. I think hamburgers are not so healthy. Maybe, chicken, eggs are healthy, too.

  Which food do you think is healthy? Check (√) Yes, Maybe or No.

  2. First, Ss make a list of food on their workbook. Then discuss with their partners. Check (√) Yes, Maybe or No behind the food on the workbook.

  S1: I think fruit is healthy.

  S2: I also think fruit is healthy.

  S1: I think …

  3. Make a report, then read the report to their partner.

  Ⅶ. Presentation

  1. T: We have breakfast, lunch and dinner every day. Let’s see what do you usually eat for breakfast, lunch, and dinner?

  T: What do you like for breakfast, S1?

  S1: I like milk and bread.

  T: What do you like for lunch?

  S1: I like chicken and vegetables.

  T: What do you like for dinner?

  S1: I like rice and vegetables.

  T: Great! You have healthy eating habits

  (Write “eating habits” and “— What do you like for breakfast/lunch/dinner? — I like…” on the blackboard. )

  2. OK. Now ask your partners questions to see if they have healthy habits.

  3. T: Many boys and girls like ice-cream. Do you like it?

  Ss: Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

  T: Do you eat ice-cream, S1?

  S1: Yes, I do.

  T: Do you eat ice-cream, S2?

  S2: No, I don’t.

  Ⅷ. Reading

  1. T: Well, let’s see some sports star’s eating habits. Cindy Smith is a volleyball star. What does she like for breakfast, lunch and dinner? Does she eat ice-cream? Now let’s read the magazine article about Cindy Smith. First, read the article and circle the food words.

  (Ss read the article and circle the food words quickly.)

  2. Read the article carefully again and answer the questions:

  ① Does Cindy like bananas?

  ② Does Cindy like salad?

  ③ Does Cindy like hamburgers for dinner?

  ④ What does Cindy like for dinner?

  ⑤ Does Cindy eat ice-cream after dinner?

  ⑥ Are Cindy’s eating habits healthy?

  (Ss read the article and answer the questions. Then check the answers.)

  3. We know Cindy has healthy eating habits. What food does she like? What food doesn’t she like? Read the article and write five sentences about Cindy’s eating habits. e.g.

  Cindy likes fruit for breakfast.

  (注意运用句型:Cindy likes … for … 或Cindy doesn’t like/eat … for …)

  4. Let some Ss read their sentences to the class.

  Homework

  1. Review the word on food.

  2. Make a survey about “What do your parents like for three meals?” after class.

  Section B 3a-Self Check

  一、教学目标:

  1. 语言知识目标:

  1)复习所学习有关食物的词汇,并在实践活动中能熟练运用。

  2)复习用行为动词like一般现在时的肯定句、否定句和一般疑问句来询问、谈论对方或自己一日三餐所喜欢的食物并学会营养配餐;

  3)由询问所喜欢的食物再拓展到所喜欢的运动和颜色来进一步复习运用所学习的句型结构。

  4)通过写作练习来达到提高学生们的综合表达能力。

  2. 情感态度价值观目标:

  通过谈论自己与他人早、中、晚餐喜欢吃的食物,养成良好的饮食习惯;通过互相询问和谈论饮食习惯,培养对家人和同学、朋友的关怀和友爱之情并学会营养配餐。

  二、教学重难点

  1. 教学重点:

  1)复习关于各种食物的词汇、运动类的词汇及颜色类的词汇并就对方的喜欢进行问答。

  2)复习名词复数的构成。

  3)就喜欢与不喜欢什么食物的话题进行写作训练,培养提高学生们的英语综合运用能力。

  2. 教学难点:

  就喜欢与不喜欢什么食物的话题进行写作训练,培养提高学生们的英语综合运用能力。

  三、教学过程

  Ⅰ. Warming- up and revision

  1. Review all the food we learned. Let Ss say the words quickly.

  S1: fruit: apples, bananas, pears, strawberries …

  S2: vegetables: tomatoes, potatoes, salad, carrots …

  S3: food: bread, milk, ice-cream, hamburger (burger) …

  2. T: I like eggs and milk for breakfast. What do you like eating for breakfast? (Point to a student.)

  Sa: I like apples and bread.

  T: What about you? (Point to another student.)

  Sa: I like hamburgers and bananas. (Ask two more students to answer his/her questions for lunch and dinner.)

  T: Who can ask and answer like this?

  S1: What do you like to eat for lunch?

  S2: I like …

  S1: What do you like to eat for dinner?

  S2: I like …

  (Then ask the students to work in pairs one by one.)

  Ⅱ. Survey

  1. Now let’s make a survey what food you and your partner like for breakfast, lunch or dinner.

  Ask and answer with your partners and write down the results in the chart in 3a.

  S1: What do you like for breakfast?

  S2: I like eggs and milk.

  S1: What do you like for lunch?

  S2: I like hamburger and salad.

  S1: What do you like for dinner?

  S2: I like chicken and fruit.

  S1: I think your eating habits are healthy.

  Ⅲ. Writing

  1. Can you introduce yourself for three meals according to the survey result just now? Maybe many friends want to know you. Now let’s write about what you and your partner like and don’t like for breakfast, lunch and dinner. You can look at the chart above. You should use these sentence structures:

  For breakfast/lunch/dinner, I like …, but I don’t like …

  For breakfast/lunch/dinner, my partner likes …, but he/she doesn’t like …

  (T goes round the classroom and offer helps if it’s necessary.)

  Ⅳ. Self Check

  Homework

  1. Review the rules of plural forms.

  2. What food, sports and colors do you parents like and dislikes? Write a short article about them.

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